Philip the Good

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Philip the Good,

1396–1467, duke of Burgundy (1419–67); son of Duke John the FearlessJohn the Fearless,
1371–1419, duke of Burgundy (1404–19); son of Philip the Bold. He fought against the Turks at Nikopol in 1396 and was a prisoner for a year until he was ransomed.
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. After his father was murdered (1419) at a meeting with the dauphin (later King Charles VIICharles VII
(Charles the Well Served), 1403–61, king of France (1422–61), son and successor of Charles VI. His reign saw the end of the Hundred Years War. Although excluded from the throne by the Treaty of Troyes, Charles took the royal title after his father's death
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 of France), Philip formed an alliance with King Henry V of England. Under the Treaty of Troyes (1420; see Troyes, Treaty ofTroyes, Treaty of,
1420, agreement between Henry V of England, Charles VI of France, and Philip the Good of Burgundy. Its purpose, ultimately unsuccessful, was to settle the issues of the Hundred Years War.
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) Philip recognized Henry V as heir to the French throne; the dauphin was disinherited. Philip aided the efforts of Henry and his successor to establish English rule in France. Finally, in return for important concessions, Philip ended the English alliance and made peace with Charles VII in the Treaty of Arras (1435; see Arras, Treaty ofArras, Treaty of.
1 Treaty of 1435, between King Charles VII of France and Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy. Through it, France and Burgundy became reconciled. Philip deserted his English allies and recognized Charles as king of France.
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). Despite the truce, Philip's relations with Charles were not always amicable. He temporarily supported (1440) the rebellious nobles in the PragueriePraguerie
, 1440, revolt against King Charles VII of France, so called in allusion to the Hussite uprising in Prague. It was led by several great feudal lords, including the comte de Dunois, who resented the diminution of their influence over the royal government.
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 and gave asylum to the dauphin (later King Louis XI), who was constantly in revolt against his father. During Philip's reign the territory of his duchy was more than doubled. Through inheritance, treaty, conquest, and purchase he acquired Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland, Friesland, Brabant, Limburg, Namur, Luxembourg, Liège, Cambrai, and numerous other cities and feudal dependencies. Uprisings in Bruges (1436) and in Ghent (1450–53) were suppressed. In 1463, Philip was forced to return some of his holdings to Louis XI. His vow (1454) to go on crusade was never fulfilled. Philip's court was the most splendid in the Western Europe of his time. He was succeeded by his ambitious son, Charles the BoldCharles the Bold,
1433–77, last reigning duke of Burgundy (1467–77), son and successor of Philip the Good. As the count of Charolais before his accession, he opposed the growing power of King Louis XI of France by joining (1465) the League of Public Weal.
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, who took control of the government from Philip in 1465.


See biography by R. Vaughan (1970); J. L. A. Calmette, The Golden Age of Burgundy (1949, tr. 1962).

Philip the Good


(Philip III of Burgundy). Born July 31, 1396, in Dijon; died June 15, 1467, in Bruges. Duke of Burgundy from 1419.

During the Hundred Years’ War of 1337–1453, Philip the Good was first (from 1419) an ally of the English. As such, he took part in the siege of Compiègne (1430), during which Joan of Arc was taken prisoner. In 1435 he went over to the French side and, by the Treaty of Arras, received Picardy in return for recognizing Charles VII as the lawful ruler of France. Philip significantly enlarged his holdings through marriages, money, and clever diplomacy: in 1421 he annexed the county of Namur, between 1428 and 1433 the counties of Hainault, Zeeland, and Holland, in 1430 the duchies of Brabant and Limburg, and between 1431 and 1443 the duchy of Luxembourg.

Philip the Good

1396--1467, duke of Burgundy (1419--67), under whose rule Burgundy was one of the most powerful states in Europe