Philip Showalter Hench

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hench, Philip Showalter


Born Feb. 28, 1896, in Pittsburgh; died Mar. 30, 1965, in Ocho Rios, Jamaica. American rheumatologist.

In 1920, Hench graduated from the medical school of the University of Pittsburgh. In 1921 he became a staff member at the Mayo Clinic; in 1926 he became a consultant in the clinic’s division of medicine and head of the section on rheumatic diseases. From 1928 he taught at the University of Minnesota in Rochester, receiving a professorship there in 1947. Hench studied the role of endocrinologic factors in the clinical treatment of rheumatic diseases. He successfully used cortisone in treating the diseases. Hench was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1950 (jointly with E. Kendall and T. Reichstein).


“The Effect of Cortisone and of ACTH on Rheumatoid Arthritis and Acute Rheumatic Fever.” In The Rheumatic Diseases Based on the Seventh International Congress on Rheumatic Diseases. Philadelphia-London, 1952. (With others.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The American physician Philip Showalter Hench (1896-1965) was interested in rheumatoid arthritis, a painful and crippling disease.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded jointly to Philip Showalter Hench of the Mayo Clinic; Edward Calvin Kendall, head of the Department of Biochemistry, Mayo Foundation, University of Minnesota; and Tadeus Reichstein of the University of Basel, Switzerland, for their research into the nature of suprarenal cortex hormones and the use of cortisone.
But here, too, faith intervented, faith on the part of a physician, Philip Showalter Hench, who had devoted much of his career to finding a way to cure or alleviate arthritis.