Philip of Swabia


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Philip of Swabia

Philip of Swabia (swāˈbēə), 1176?–1208, German king (1198–1208), son of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I. After the death (1197) of his brother, German King and Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI, he unsuccessfully attempted to secure the succession in Germany of his infant nephew, the later Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II; for the sake of the house of Hohenstaufen, he finally consented to his own election as German king. A small, anti-Hohenstaufen group led by the archbishop of Cologne elected (1198) Otto IV antiking. In the ensuing war Philip was supported by Philip II of France, while Otto had the support of his uncle Richard I of England. Though successful at first, Philip's cause was weakened when Pope Innocent III declared (1201) for Otto. However, the year 1204 marked a turn in Philip's favor; with his capture (1206) of Cologne, the war was virtually ended. Negotiations with the pope had resulted in a satisfactory settlement when Philip was murdered by a personal enemy. Otto IV was elected his successor as German king. Philip became involved in the Fourth Crusade (1202–4; see Crusades) partly through his marriage to the Byzantine princess Irene, daughter of Emperor Isaac II. The extent of Philip's influence in diverting the crusade to Constantinople is still debated.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The rivalry between the Hohenstaufens and the Welfs culminated after the death of Emperor Henry VI, when both the Hohenstaufen Philip of Swabia and the Welf Otto of Brunswick (son of Henry the Lion) were elected as successors to the imperial crown.
Eberhard Nellmann shakes the foundations of a view, first put forward by Peter Wapnewski in 1967, that the wisen referred to in Walther's poem on Philip of Swabia's visit to Magdeburg at Christmas 1199 (L.
Or were some of the peripheral players, such as Alexius IV or Philip of Swabia, responsible?