Philip the Good


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Related to Philip the Good: Philip the Handsome, Philippe le Bon

Philip the Good,

1396–1467, duke of Burgundy (1419–67); son of Duke John the FearlessJohn the Fearless,
1371–1419, duke of Burgundy (1404–19); son of Philip the Bold. He fought against the Turks at Nikopol in 1396 and was a prisoner for a year until he was ransomed.
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. After his father was murdered (1419) at a meeting with the dauphin (later King Charles VIICharles VII
(Charles the Well Served), 1403–61, king of France (1422–61), son and successor of Charles VI. His reign saw the end of the Hundred Years War. Although excluded from the throne by the Treaty of Troyes, Charles took the royal title after his father's death
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 of France), Philip formed an alliance with King Henry V of England. Under the Treaty of Troyes (1420; see Troyes, Treaty ofTroyes, Treaty of,
1420, agreement between Henry V of England, Charles VI of France, and Philip the Good of Burgundy. Its purpose, ultimately unsuccessful, was to settle the issues of the Hundred Years War.
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) Philip recognized Henry V as heir to the French throne; the dauphin was disinherited. Philip aided the efforts of Henry and his successor to establish English rule in France. Finally, in return for important concessions, Philip ended the English alliance and made peace with Charles VII in the Treaty of Arras (1435; see Arras, Treaty ofArras, Treaty of.
1 Treaty of 1435, between King Charles VII of France and Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy. Through it, France and Burgundy became reconciled. Philip deserted his English allies and recognized Charles as king of France.
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). Despite the truce, Philip's relations with Charles were not always amicable. He temporarily supported (1440) the rebellious nobles in the PragueriePraguerie
, 1440, revolt against King Charles VII of France, so called in allusion to the Hussite uprising in Prague. It was led by several great feudal lords, including the comte de Dunois, who resented the diminution of their influence over the royal government.
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 and gave asylum to the dauphin (later King Louis XI), who was constantly in revolt against his father. During Philip's reign the territory of his duchy was more than doubled. Through inheritance, treaty, conquest, and purchase he acquired Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland, Friesland, Brabant, Limburg, Namur, Luxembourg, Liège, Cambrai, and numerous other cities and feudal dependencies. Uprisings in Bruges (1436) and in Ghent (1450–53) were suppressed. In 1463, Philip was forced to return some of his holdings to Louis XI. His vow (1454) to go on crusade was never fulfilled. Philip's court was the most splendid in the Western Europe of his time. He was succeeded by his ambitious son, Charles the BoldCharles the Bold,
1433–77, last reigning duke of Burgundy (1467–77), son and successor of Philip the Good. As the count of Charolais before his accession, he opposed the growing power of King Louis XI of France by joining (1465) the League of Public Weal.
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, who took control of the government from Philip in 1465.

Bibliography

See biography by R. Vaughan (1970); J. L. A. Calmette, The Golden Age of Burgundy (1949, tr. 1962).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Philip the Good

 

(Philip III of Burgundy). Born July 31, 1396, in Dijon; died June 15, 1467, in Bruges. Duke of Burgundy from 1419.

During the Hundred Years’ War of 1337–1453, Philip the Good was first (from 1419) an ally of the English. As such, he took part in the siege of Compiègne (1430), during which Joan of Arc was taken prisoner. In 1435 he went over to the French side and, by the Treaty of Arras, received Picardy in return for recognizing Charles VII as the lawful ruler of France. Philip significantly enlarged his holdings through marriages, money, and clever diplomacy: in 1421 he annexed the county of Namur, between 1428 and 1433 the counties of Hainault, Zeeland, and Holland, in 1430 the duchies of Brabant and Limburg, and between 1431 and 1443 the duchy of Luxembourg.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Philip the Good

1396--1467, duke of Burgundy (1419--67), under whose rule Burgundy was one of the most powerful states in Europe
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
His membership of the Order of the Golden Fleece was in part earned by the important role he played in quelling rebellious Ghent, whose citizens opposed a salt tax that Philip the Good had imposed in 1447--Violent conflict over the issue went on for years, until the citizens of Ghent were defeated in 1453 by an army led by Lodewijk and Count Jacques de Luxembourg.
Before discussing my final example, it will be useful to briefly review the nature and origins of Burgundy's ties to France and to the Valois in particular, as well as the circumstances that led Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy to ally himself with the English against the French in the Treaty of Troyes and throughout the years that followed.
The literary output of the mid-fifteenth-century Burgundian court under Philip the Good (1419-68) was characterized by the phenomenon of the mise en prose.
1457 showing Philip the Good at Mass, which includes a group of onlookers who are able to see the duke with both a prayer book and a diptych.
But I think the French excelled themselves when Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, had a son named Charles the Bold.
Commemorating a sumptuously extragavant banquet mounted by Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy at his Lille palace in February 1454, the concert features chansons and dances by the pre-eminent composers of the day, including Binchois, Dufay and van Ghizeghem.
One type of this triumph is illustrated by the entry of Philip the Good into Bruges in 1440 when he was cast in the role of Christ the Savior making a first advent to his sinful people who had earlier rebelled against him (51).
There are portraits or representations of Dufay, Binchois, Ockeghem, Obrecht, Josquin, Willaert, Lassus, Rore and Monte, to name only the most famous composers, and of Philip the Good, Ercole I d'Este, Charles V, Margaret of Austria and Albert V of Bavaria among the patrons, as well as an astonishing number of full-colour reproductions of manuscripts and prints, of which perhaps the best known are the Cordiforme and Escorial chansonniers, the Chigi Codex and its `twin', Brussels 9126, Brussels 5557 and 11239, and the Medici and Mielich codices.
Chastellain served Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, as a soldier and later entered Philip's household.
Gossaert went to Italy in the retinue of this grand and peculiar figure, one of the many illegitimate children of Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy.
2 Which exclusive chivalric order was founded by Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy in 1430?
He worked as the court painter to Philip the Good of Burgundy, and may have gone on diplomatic assignments in addition to his duties as a painter.