Philipp Otto Runge

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Runge, Philipp Otto


Born July 23, 1777, in Wolgast, Mecklenburg; died Dec. 2, 1810, in Hamburg. German painter, graphic artist, and art theorist.

Runge attended the Copenhagen Academy of Arts from 1799 to 1801 and the Dresden Academy of Arts from 1801 to 1803. He was one of the founders of romanticism in German painting. In 1802–03, Runge worked on the allegorical painting The Times of Day, of which only the first finished version of The Morning (1808, Kunsthalle, Hamburg) has been preserved. The painting was intended to embody the mystical spirituality of nature as expressed in the Christian pantheism of J. Boehme. The most significant of Runge’s works, The Times of Day was important in the artist’s research in optics (Color spectra…, 1810). Runge’s portraits were distinguished by fidelity to nature and by the portrayal of profound inner feeling concealed beneath a contemplative exterior (We Three, 1805, not preserved; The Artist’s Parents, 1806, Kunsthalle, Hamburg).


Hinterlassene Schriften, vols. 1–2. Hamburg, 1840–41.


Berefelt, G. P. O. Runge. Uppsala, 1961.
Bisanz, R. M. German Romanticism and Philipp Otto Runge. De Kalb, 111.1970.
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Recordare en el papel verazmente lo que Philipp Otto Runge anoto como otra verdad; aunque tenga que descifrarlo en las cenizas palabra a palabra.
Accordingly, Friedrich's work is often contrasted with the collective aspirations of Philipp Otto Runge and the Nazarenes.
The second "act," "The Hypothesis of Nature," proposed a reading of landscape painting as offering "two pathways into the constitution of a German identity": the scientific study of natural forms (Goethe, Carl Gustav Carus) on one hand and the mystical approach of Friedrich and Philipp Otto Runge on the other.
Islamic art, Indian miniatures, Mexican ceramics, Tantra painting, the color theory of Philipp Otto Runge, the spiritual aura found in German Romanticism, music, textile design, and a profound knowledge of Eastern philosophy all contributed to shaping his vision.
Philipp Otto Runge (1771-1810) was a pivotal figure both for German Romanticism and 20th-century painting--not least for his colour theory and concept of the total work of art.
In the silhouette-as-symbol, Stezaker's photocollages connect to his admiration for the work of Philipp Otto Runge, exponent of a Romantic idealism that saw in the close study of singular things a window to transcendence.
Beate Allert's contribution covers the artistic ideas of Romantic artists Caspar David Friedrich and Philipp Otto Runge, including reference to the latter's colour theory.
El mismo ano (1810) en el que el pintor romantico aleman Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840) finaliza su conocida obra Monje contemplando el mar, fallece tempranamente el tambien pintor Philipp Otto Runge (1777-1810).
It was also a very visual poetry: in the freshness of its images, I was reminded of Italian primitives, and of artists like Shih-T'ao, Philipp Otto Runge, Samuel Palmer, Cezanne, Max Ernst, and Paul Klee.
When the famous Centenary Exhibition of German Art, covering the years from 1775 to 1875, was held in Berlin in 1906, the work of artists such as Caspar David Friedrich and Philipp Otto Runge, which had been largely forgotten over the previous few decades, came to many Germans as a revelation.
We're one but we're not the same was produced for "Runge Heute: Konstruierte Empfindung--Beobachtbare Zeit" (Runge Today: Constructed Sensation--Observable Time), an exhibition currently on view at the Kunsthaus Hamburg that seeks to investigate the affinities between Philipp Otto Runge and contemporary artists--especially with regard to the German Romantic painter's insight into the viewer's role as coproducer of the artwork.
He chooses "a philosophical approach to Romantic authors" such as Tieck, Eichendorff, and Clemens Brentano, as well as "to artists such as Caspar David Friedrich and Philipp Otto Runge," his contention being "that their works comprised and continued philosophical provocations every bit as pronounced as the work of philosophical Romantics such as the Schlegels or Novalis" (3).