Born Aug. 4, 1874, in Cérilly, Allier Department; died Dec. 21, 1909, in Paris. French writer.
Philippe published poetry in symbolist periodicals beginning in 1894, but he soon abandoned symbolism. He portrayed the “insulted and injured” resigning themselves to injustice in his novellas four Stories of Unlucky Love (1897) and Good Madeleine and Gentle Marie (1898). The heroes of the novels Bubu From Montparnasse (1901), Father Perdrix (1902), and Marie Donadieu (1904) turn to individualistic and anarchic revolt, which at times is depicted as inhuman and cruel. In the unfinished novel Charles Blanchard (published 1913), Philippe challenged social pessimism, exalting labor as his absolute ideal.
WORKSLettres à sa mère. Paris, 1928.
Nouvelles, Charles Blanchard. Moscow, 1964.
In Russian translation:
Sobr. soch., vols. 1–7. Edited by A. A. Smirnov; introductory article by N. Ia. Rykova. Leningrad, 1934–36.
REFERENCESLunacharskii, A. V. “Genii i golod.” In his Sobr. soch. (in 8 vols.), vol. 5. Moscow, 1965. Pages 184–97.
Fournier, A. “Charles-Louis Philippe dans l’ile de Saint-Louis.” In his Demeures du temps retrouvé. Paris, 1971.
V. P. BOL’SHAKOV