Philippe Destouches

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Destouches, Philippe

 

(pseudonym of P. Néricault). Born Apr. 9, 1680, in Tours; died July 4, 1754, at the Fortoiseau Castle, near Melun, department of Seine-et-Marne. French playwright. Member of the Academic Françhise from 1723.

Destouches wrote comedies of character, such as The Ungrateful One (1712), The Slanderer (1715), and The Squanderer (1736; Russian translation, 1789). His best comedy, The Braggart (1732), ridicules aristocratic conceit. Destouches followed the classical poetics of N. Boileau; however, in his late plays the comic element is much weaker and “sentimental” scenes appear. Destouches assailed class prejudices in a series of comedies, including The Married Philosopher (1727; Russian translation, 1827) and Insincere Agnes (published, 1736; staged, 1759; Russian translation, 1764).

WORKS

Oeuvres dramatiques, vols. 1–10. Paris, 1755–58.
Oeuvres dramatiques, vols. 1–6. Paris, 1822.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. Pages 706–09.
Istoriia zapadno-evropeiskogo teatra, vol. 2. Moscow, 1957.
Hankiss, J. Ph. Néricault-Destouches: L’homme et l’oeuvre. Debreczen, 1920.

I. A. LILEEVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.