Philippe Duplessis-Mornay

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Duplessis-Mornay, Philippe


Born Nov. 5, 1549, in Buis-les-Baronnies; died Nov. 11, 1623, in La Forêt-sur-Sévre. French political leader and publicist. A Huguenot, close to Admiral G. de Coligny.

From the mid-1570’s until 1593, Duplessis-Mornay was the closest assistant of Henry of Navarre (the future Henry IV). He was active in the religious wars, in which he fulfilled important diplomatic missions, such as requesting English assistance for the Huguenots. After Henry of Navarre converted to Catholicism in 1593, Duplessis-Mornay retired to Saumur, where he had been appointed governor in 1589, and founded the first Protestant academy in France. He was the author of political and theological tracts. Contemporaries named him the “Huguenot pope.” His memoirs are a valuable source for French history. Some scholars have suggested that he was the author of the famous pamphlet against tyrants Vindicae contra tyrannos (1579), using the pseudonym Brutus the Younger (others believe that the author was the French Huguenot H. Languet; still others say that both men collaborated on the pamphlet).


Mémoires et correspondance, 12 vols. Paris, 1824-25.


Engel’gard, R. Iu. “Diuplessi-Morne.” Uch. zap. Kishinevskogo gos. un-ta, 1958, vol. 35 (historical).
Party, R. Duplessis-Mornay. Paris, 1933.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Of perhaps greatest value is his thorough examination of a large body of writings that ordinarily have been ignored by scholars in favor of a nearly exclusive concentration on a few of the more famous Monarchomaque texts by authors such as Francois Hotman, Philippe Duplessis-Mornay, Theodore Beza, and George Buchanan.
For the same reason, in Champagne and the northern provinces where the Guise faction was strongest, the Valois monarch purposely restricted the number of royal troops at the duke's disposal in the hope that the League leader would be defeated and perhaps even killed in action.(51) In consequence, the Huguenot Philippe Duplessis-Mornay predicted that although the Catholic forces would be large, their leadership would be divided, since Henri III "will follow no other design than what he plans for his own good."(52) The Leaguer Villegomblain similarly noted in his memoirs that while the king did not like the Calvinists, he hated and feared the Guises.
(4) Philippe Duplessis-Mornay, Clervant and Chassincourt to Henri de Navarre, 14 April 1584, in P.
(14) Philippe Duplessis-Mornay to the comte de Cheverny, 29 and 30 March 1585, Duplessis-Mornay, Memoires, III, 9, 10.
Duplessis," 13 September 1584, ibid., 667-79; Philippe Duplessis-Mornay to M.
(49) Philippe Duplessis-Mornay to president Duranti, 31 June 1585, in Duplessis-Mornay, Memoires, III, 48.
(52) Philippe Duplessis-Mornay to the duc de Montmorency, 11 July 1585, in Duplessis-Mornay, Memoires, II, 156-57.
111; Philippe Duplessis-Mornay to Pomponne de Bellievre, 26 September 1586, in Duplessis-Mornay, Memoires, III, 334.
(68) Philippe Duplessis-Mornay to Francois de Segur, 29 April 1587, ibid., p.
de Remand"; Pascale Cuny-Blum, "Le Mystere d'iniquite de Philippe Duplessis-Mornay Marie-Madeleine Fragonard, "Obscurs, sans-grade, Cons et diffames, les voix du peuple des pamphlets"; Soledad Arredondo, "La guerre franco-espagnole de 1635 et I'intertexttualie des polemistres.