Philippe Van Tieghem

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tieghem, Philippe Van


Born Apr. 19, 1839, in Bayel; died Apr. 30, 1914, in Paris. French botanist and microbiologist. Member (1877), vice-president (1898), and president (1899) of the Academy of Sciences.

Van Tieghem began teaching at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in 1864 and became a professor at the Museum of Natural History in Paris in 1879. He was the founder of the evolutionary school in plant anatomy and was the first to use anatomical methods in systematics, proposing a system of classifying angiospermous plants on the basis of the anatomical structure of the ovule and seed. In collaboration with H. Douliot, van Tieghem developed the stelar theory. He was the author of works on methods of cultivating and studying plants under artificial conditions, including the hanging-drop method.


In Russian translation:
Obshchaia botanika. Moscow, 1901.


“Philippe van Tieghem.” Revue générale de botanique, 1914, vol. 26. (Contains bibliography.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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