Philippe de Champaigne
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Champaigne, Philippe de
Baptized May 26, 1602, in Brussels; died Aug. 12, 1674, in Paris. French painter.
Champaigne worked in Paris from 1621. He executed ornamental compositions in palaces and churches, notably those in the Luxembourg Palace, on which he collaborated with N. Poussin. Influenced by Jansenism, Champaigne painted religious scenes distinguished for their ascetic restraint, such as The Last Supper (1648, the Louvre, Paris). In his severe, penetrating portraits he combined elements of Flemish realism and early French classicism; of special note are his likenesses of A. J. Richelieu, J. Mazarin, and A. d’Andilly. Champaigne also painted group portraits, notably, Two Nuns (1662, the Louvre).
REFERENCESMabille de Poncheville, A. Philippe de Champaigne. Paris, 1938.
Dorival, B. Philippe de Champaigne: Catalogue, 2nd ed. Paris, 1952.