Skikda

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Skikda

Skikda (skēkˈdə), formerly Philippeville (fēlēpvēlˈ), city (1998 pop. 152,335), NE Algeria, a port on the Gulf of Stora of the Mediterranean Sea. It is the port for Constantine and handles mostly agricultural and mineral products. Natural gas, oil refining, and petrochemical industries have been developed and pipelines have been built for their transportation. Skikda was founded by the French in 1838 on the site of a Carthaginian colony, Rusicade, which later flourished as a port under the Romans.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Skikda

 

(formerly Philippeville), a city in Algeria, in Constan-tine Vilayet. Population, approximately 90,000 (1968). Skikda is an industrial and transportation center in the northeastern part of the country. It has a railroad station and a port on the Mediterranean Sea. The port, which has a freight turnover of approximately 1 million tons (1971), exports petroleum, vegetables, and subtropical fruits. Skikda has food-processing enterprises, including a fish cannery, and enterprises of the petroleum and chemical industries, including a gas-liquefaction plant, with a capacity of 3.8 billion cu m, and the largest chemical combine in North Africa for the production of plastics. In 1976 construction was under way on an oil refinery with a projected annual capacity of 7.5 million tons, a new port to accommodate tankers with a displacement of 100,000-125,000 tons, and a steam electric power plant. Skikda is the terminus of the Mezdar-Skikda oil pipeline (640 km long).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Skikda

a port in NE Algeria, on an inlet of the Mediterranean: founded by the French in 1838 on the site of a Roman city. Pop.: 170 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Eight of them were sent either to Blida or to Philippeville. Their stay in Algeria was short because, as in Jaffna, the priests had to work in isolation, in villages far apart.
Tout a commence quand la municipalite de l'ancienne Philippeville (Skikda) avait decide de celebrer les cent ans de la presence francaise en Algerie, en 1930.
In 1899, after an absence of nearly 100 years, plague reappeared in the port of Philippeville (now Skikda).
Le maire de Philippeville de l'epoque, Paul Cuttoli, s'est inspire de l'architecture mauresque pour certains des edifices qu'il avait fait construire dans les annees 30.
De l'aveu meme de chefs de l'armee francaise, il avait inaugure la guerilla urbaine a Bone (Annaba) et a Philippeville (Skikda).
La question reste, donc, posee et des aberrations telles que Rusicade-Soukaikida, Philippeville et enfin Skikda demeurent.