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Philippi(fĭlĭp`ī), ancient city of Macedon and Macedonia, now in Greece, in E Macedonia. Inhabited by Thracians and then Thasians, it was renamed (probably 356 B.C.) by Philip II of Macedon, who developed and fortified it. Near the city was fought the decisive battle in which Octavian (Augustus) and Antony defeated (42 B.C.) Brutus and Cassius.
(now Filippoi), an ancient city in Thrace, originally the Greek colony of Crenides. The city was conquered by Philip II of Macedón in the fourth century B.C. and renamed Philippi. In 42 B.C., crucial battles were fought near the city between the army of the Second Triumvirate, led by Mark Antony and Octavian, and the troops of the Roman republic, commanded by Brutus and Cassius. The battle ended in the crushing defeat of the republicans.
Philippi was destroyed in the Middle Ages. Excavations begun by French archaeologists in 1924 have uncovered city walls from the fourth century B.C, a forum dating from Roman times, thermae from the third century A.D., and three basilicas from the fourth through sixth centuries.
REFERENCESLemerle, P. Philippes et la Macédoine orientale. Paris, 1945.
Lazarides, D. J. Hoi Philippoi. Thessaloniki, 1956.