Philistia


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Philistia

(fĭlĭs`tyə), region of SW ancient Palestine, comprising a coastal strip along the Mediterranean and a portion of S Canaan. The chief cities of Philistia were Gaza, Ashqelon, Ashdod, Ekron, and Gath; strategically located on the great commercial route from Egypt to Syria, they formed a confederacy. In the Bible the great Hebrew antagonists of the PhilistinesPhilistines
, inhabitants of Philistia, a non-Semitic people who came to Palestine from a region in the Mediterranean in the 12th cent. B.C. Genetic studies in the 21st cent.
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 are SamsonSamson,
in the Bible, judge of Israel. His long hair was a symbol of his vows to God, and because of this covenant Samson was strong. The enemies of his people, the Philistines, accomplished his destruction through the woman Delilah.
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, SaulSaul,
first king of the ancient Hebrews. He was a Benjamite and anointed king by Samuel. Saul's territory was probably limited to the hill country of Judah and the region to the north, and his proximity to the Philistines brought him into constant conflict with them.
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, and DavidDavid,
d. c.970 B.C., king of ancient Israel (c.1010–970 B.C.), successor of Saul. The Book of First Samuel introduces him as the youngest of eight sons who is anointed king by Samuel to replace Saul, who had been deemed a failure.
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. Philistines were independent at the time of AmosAmos
, prophetic book of the Bible. The majority of its oracles are chronologically earlier than those of the Bible's other prophetic books. His activity is dated c.760 B.C.
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, and the Jews never really conquered them. Philistia was laid under tribute by Assyria, and the invasion of Palestine by SennacheribSennacherib
or Senherib,
d. 681 B.C., king of Assyria (705–681 B.C.). The son of Sargon, Sennacherib spent most of his reign fighting to maintain the empire established by his father.
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 was brought on by Hezekiah's imprisonment of the Assyrian tributary, the king of Ekron. The cities were conquered and destroyed by the Babylonians in 604 B.C.

Bibliography

See A. R. Burn, Minoans, Philistines, and Greeks (1930, repr. 1968); R. Macalister, The Philistines (1965).

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Philistia

an ancient country on the coast of SW Palestine
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(15.) Aren Meir, "Philistia Transforming: Fresh Evidence from Tell es-Safi/Gath on the Transformational Trajectory of the Philistine Culture," in Ann Killebrew and Gunnar Lehmann, eds., The Philistines and other "Sea Peoples" in Text and Archaeology (Atlanta, GA: Society for Biblical Literature, 2013) p.
Philistia: James Branch Cabell, Figures of Earth, 1921
(21) For prophecies against Philistia (and therefore in favour of the Israelites' right to Ashkelon), see Jeremiah 47, Amos I, and Zephania 2.
Peoples heard, they quaked, trembling seized Philistia's dwellers.
In fact, this territory is very close to the ancient territory of Philistia. Driven to this area by the population wars in ancient Greece, the 'Sea-Peoples' also populated Carthage, Byblos, and Tyre along with Philistia (from whence Palestine).
It seems we were invaded long ago by the far more destructive hordes from Philistia. (It was an ancient society on the coast of SW Palestine,but you knew that!) The Encyclopaedia Britannica survey discovered that, while 68 per cent claim the arts play a vital role in today's society, 43 per cent have never set foot inside an art gallery.
On the other hand, Mesopotamia, Syria, Philistia, and other Ancient Near Eastern lands are frequently no more than names to our students, and they are likely to be unaware of Hatti or Nuzi or Mari or yet other places in the East.
Contested Peripheries: Philistia in the Neo-Assyrian World-System.
The novels, which, unlike Powell's, jump back and forth in time, take the characters from school (Fielding Gray, 1967) to the Army (Sound the Retreat, 1971, and The Sabre Squadron, 1966), the "corridors of power" (The Rich Pay Late, 1964, and Friends in Low Places, 1965), scenes of international intrigue (The Judas Boy, 1968), student unrest during the Sixties (Places Where They Sing, 1970), the movie business and an excursion into American Philistia (Come Like Shadows, 1972) and finally to nemesis and impending age (Bring Forth the Body, 1974, and The Survivors, 1976).
Black colleges and universities: The road to Philistia? Negro Educational Review, 49.