Phillips, Duncan

Phillips, Duncan (Clinch)

(1886–1966) art collector, museum founder; born in Pittsburgh, Pa. His maternal grandfather was one of the founders of the Jones and Laughlin steel company. He worked as an essayist, book reviewer, and art lecturer. To display his art collection, in 1918 he founded the Phillips Memorial Gallery in Washington, D.C. (now the Phillips Collection) in honor of his father and brother. He directed the gallery (1918–66) and wrote several books on art, notably The Artist Sees Differently (1931).