Phillips, Samuel

Phillips, Samuel,

1752–1802, American educator and politician, b. North Andover, Mass., grad. Harvard, 1771. A member of the Massachusetts provincial congress (1775–80) and a delegate to the state constitutional convention (1779–80), he served in the state senate (1780–1801, except for one year). He is best known, however, as the founder of Phillips AcademyPhillips Academy,
at Andover, Mass.; college preparatory boarding and day school; opened 1778, chartered 1780 by Samuel Phillips. Founded for boys, it is the oldest incorporated academy in the United States and has served as the model for many later schools.
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 at Andover (opened 1778), a leading preparatory school for boys. His uncle, John Phillips (1719–95), the founder of Phillips Exeter AcademyPhillips Exeter Academy
, at Exeter, N.H.; coeducational; chartered 1781, opened 1783 by John Phillips. It has been an influential preparatory school and has a notable school library. Heavily endowed (1931) by Edward S.
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, provided financial backing. Samuel Phillips died shortly after his inauguration (1801) as lieutenant governor of Massachusetts.

Bibliography

See C. M. Fuess, An Old New England School (1917).

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