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(fī`lō) or

Philo Judaeus

(jo͞odē`əs) [Lat.,=Philo the Jew], c.20 B.C.–c.A.D. 50, Alexandrian Jewish philosopher. His writings have had an enormous influence on both Jewish and Christian thought, and particularly upon the Alexandrian theologians Clement and Origen. All that is known of his life is that he was sent to Rome c.A.D. 40 to represent the Jews of Alexandria in seeking the restoration of privileges lost because they had refused to obey an imperial edict to worship Caligula. Philo was the first important thinker to attempt to reconcile biblical religion with Greek philosophy. In so doing he developed an allegorical interpretation of Scripture that enabled him to find many of the doctrines of Greek philosophy in the Torah (the Pentateuch). An eclectic and a mystic, Philo emphasized the total transcendence and perfection of God, and in order to account for creation and the relation between the infinite God and the finite world, he used the concept of the LogosLogos
[Gr.,=word], in Greek and Hebrew metaphysics, the unifying principle of the world. The central idea of the Logos is that it links God and man, hence any system in which the Logos plays a part is monistic. The Greek Heraclitus held (c.500 B.C.
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. Logos is the intermediary through which God's will acts and is thus the creative power that orders the world. Along with the Logos, Philo posited a whole realm of beings or potencies that bridge the gap between the Creator and his creation. Only fragments of Philo's works remain, but numerous quotations from his writings are found in early Christian literature.


See his works, tr. by F. H. Colson and G. H. Whitaker (10 vol., 1929–42, Loeb Classical Library); E. R. Goodenough, Introduction to Philo Judaeus (2d ed. 1963).

References in periodicals archive ?
Modern efforts to reconstruct Philo's works have therefore taken their point dappui almost exclusively from Eusebius and the tradition that has come down to us from him (8).
Philo's works are often culled for historical facts, in the hope of reconstructing early Christianity, rabbinic Judaism, or gnosticism.
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Born in a log cabin, in 1906, Philo was only six years old when the telephone and gramophone became well known.
One such issue is the relationship between Philo's skepticism and the careful deliberations about evidence and reasons that apparently make up the bulk of the Dialogues.
Co-edited by the learned team of Hans Lewy, Alexander Altmann, and Isaak Heinemann, Three Jewish Philosophers, deftly compiles seminal selections from the writings of Philo, Saadya Gaon's "Book of Doctrines and Beliefs", and Yehudah Halevi's "Kuzaria".
Philo was involved in a crash in the Reading area early yesterday and later died from his injuries.
RON PHILO JNR has his four-months-pregnant sister Laura Diaz, a star on the LPGA Tour, caddying for him at Baltusrol.
Five Live reporter Philo Holland will be presenting from the Owlerton circuit, including interviews with lifelong greyhound enthusiast Vinnie Jones, his trainer Gary Baggs, Sheffield's Jon Carter and BGRB general secretary John Petrie.
In your July-August 2004 issue, Andrew Holleran refers in his review of Homosexuality and Civilization, by Louis Crompton, to "Christian figures like Saint Paul, Saint Augustine, John Chrysostom, and Philo of Alexandria."
Montreal : Publications Philo. ISBN 1-897049-13-7 20,95 $