Philo Judaeus

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Philo Judaeus:

see PhiloPhilo
or Philo Judaeus
[Lat.,=Philo the Jew], c.20 B.C.–c.A.D. 50, Alexandrian Jewish philosopher. His writings have had an enormous influence on both Jewish and Christian thought, and particularly upon the Alexandrian theologians Clement and Origen.
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Philo Judaeus


(Philo of Alexandria). Born 21 or 28 B.C. in Alexandria; died there A.D. 41 or 49. Judaic and Hellenistic philosopher.

Philo’s philosophy was based on the concept of the absolute transcendence of God and the concept of Ideas of Plato and the Stoics. For Philo, God transcends the One and the Good of Plato; God is a true being absolutely without qualities. One can only say of Him that He is, not what He is. In his interpretation of the Platonic and Stoic concept of emanation, Philo taught that the Logos was the highest and most perfect creation of God, through which God created first the angels—the creatures closest to Himself—and then the world of things and man. Philo proposed a theory regarding man’s ecstatic ascendance to God.

In a number of respects, Philo differed from the Christians, but on the whole his ideas were so close to the Christian viewpoint that he received much attention in patristic literature.


Opera quae supersunt, vols. 1–7. Edited by L. Cohn and P. Wendland. Berlin, 1962–63.
In Russian translation:
“O zhizni sozertsatel’noi.” In N. T. Smirnov, Terapevty isoch. Filona ludeia “O zhizni sozertsatel’noi.” Kiev, 1909.


Marx, K., and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 19, pp. 307–08.
Trubetskoi, S. N. Uchenie o Logose v ego istorii. Moscow, 1906. Pages 77–165.
Ivanitskii, F. V. Filon Aleksandriiskii: Zhizn’ i obzor literaturnoi deiatel’nosti. Kiev, 1911.
Istoriia filosofii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1940.
Wolfson, H. A. Philo, 2nd ed., vols. 1–2. Cambridge, Mass., 1948.
Bréhier, E. Les Idées philosophiques et religieuses de Philon d’Alexandrie, 3rd ed. Paris, 1950.
Heinemann, I. Philons griechische und jüdische Bildung. Hildesheim, 1962.


Philo Judaeus

?20 bc--?50 ad, Jewish philosopher, born in Alexandria. He sought to reconcile Judaism with Greek philosophy
References in periodicals archive ?
118) HARRIS, Fragments of Philo Judaeus, 10-11, published three, and HANS LEWY, "Neue Philontexte in der Uberarbeitung des Ambrosius.
From Plato they were transmitted, with variations, to Plotinus and Philo Judaeus and thence to the Jewish Kabbala.
The Neoplatonic construction, developed out of the ideas of Plato, Philo Judaeus, Plotinus, Proclus, and the Renaissance Florentine Platonists, made for a fairly vague Christian world-view, vague in its relationship to the historical events of Christianity.
He understood it, as in John's gospel and the writings of Origen and Philo Judaeus, as the Word, the active articulation of thought into language through which consciousness developed.
Goodenough, in his The Jurisprudence of the Jewish Courts in Egypt: Legal Administration by the Jews under the Early Roman Empire as Described by Philo Judaeus (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1929), that Philo, drawing upon the example of Phinehas in the Bible, advocated lynching in such instances.
1412b15 (after a conjecture by Ross); Menander, Epitrepontes 894; Philo Judaeus, L.