Philochorus


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Philochorus

(fĭlŏk`ōrəs), fl. 3d cent. B.C., Greek historian. He wrote extensively on Greek religious customs. Philochorus is probably the best known of the many chroniclers of events in Athens and surrounding Attica. His Atthis is a 17-volume history of the region from mythological times to 260 B.C. In 250 B.C., Philochorus was murdered by political enemies.
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Brill, 1923-1958), 324 F 6; Philochorus, in Die Fragmente der
The second section is titled "The birth of scientific mythography" and starts by referring to Asclepiades of Tragilos, Glaucus of Rhegium, Heraclides Ponticus and Philochorus of Athens, all related to tragic myths and fragmentarily preserved.
(35) Since the context in Athenaeus' quotation of 120 is explicitly that of a symposium, if one reads 120 and 121 together or one after the other, the same context is easily suggested, especially because the quotation of Philochorus FGrHist 328 F 172 in Athenaeus 14.628a, exemplified by Archilochus 120, is perhaps the earliest source for the distinction made between the turbulent performance of the dithyramb of Dionysus and the tranquil orderliness of the song for Apollo: (36)
(123) However, Plutarch also cites the demythologizing Attic historian, Philochorus (fourth-third century B.C.), to the effect that the Labyrinth was no more than a dungeon and that the Athenian youths were not sacrificed, but enslaved, and furthermore, that there was no Minotaur, but a general named Tauros, who won these slaves in the funeral games that Minos offered in honor of Androgeos.
On the ephebic oath and the Aglaurion, see Philochorus in FGrH 328 F105.
Under Demetrius's regime, however, the institution seems to have been used to monitor private social gatherings and sacrifices and to limit their size to 30 persons (Philochorus, FGrH 328 F 65; Menander, Frag.
The actual source of the archon date could be the Atthis of Philochorus (third century B.C.), who was cited along with Hellanicus and who did organize his work annalistically.(63) Moreover, one ancient commentator on Thucydides states that historians had not structured their works in this manner prior to Thucydides.(64)
Jacoby's view of the Atthides, the local histories of Athens, as polemical works whose main intention was to reverse the bias of the most recent predecessor, is becoming less fashionable:(63) many of the local historians were men whom we might want to classify as antiquarians rather than historians, but it appears that Androtion in the fourth century and Philochorus in the third used the form of a local history as a means of writing serious and detailed histories of their own time.(64) Polybius, in the second century, is like Thucydides in claiming a serious purpose, in claiming accuracy (in the speeches as well as in the narrative), and in criticizing other writers.(65)
The scholia on Nemean 2.1-3 also include other descriptions of how rhapsodes perform, notably from Philochorus:
Philochorus' description(32) of the procedure on the day of the ostracism appears to leave no scope for formal debate.
Others would have Plato referring to the traditional story (first in Philochorus apud Diogenes Laertius 9.55) that Protagoras died by drowning; the point would be that the sophist returns to chide Socrates by sticking his head up out of the waves.
The new orthodoxy is that the homogalaktes or gennetai who were guaranteed phratry membership by the law of Philochorus 328 F 35 are the homogalaktes who are represented as members of a village or extended household in Arist.