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Philo (fīˈlō) or Philo Judaeus (jo͞odēˈəs) [Lat.,=Philo the Jew], c.20 B.C.–c.A.D. 50, Alexandrian Jewish philosopher. His writings have had an enormous influence on both Jewish and Christian thought, and particularly upon the Alexandrian theologians Clement and Origen. All that is known of his life is that he was sent to Rome c.A.D. 40 to represent the Jews of Alexandria in seeking the restoration of privileges lost because they had refused to obey an imperial edict to worship Caligula. Philo was the first important thinker to attempt to reconcile biblical religion with Greek philosophy. In so doing he developed an allegorical interpretation of Scripture that enabled him to find many of the doctrines of Greek philosophy in the Torah (the Pentateuch). An eclectic and a mystic, Philo emphasized the total transcendence and perfection of God, and in order to account for creation and the relation between the infinite God and the finite world, he used the concept of the Logos. Logos is the intermediary through which God's will acts and is thus the creative power that orders the world. Along with the Logos, Philo posited a whole realm of beings or potencies that bridge the gap between the Creator and his creation. Only fragments of Philo's works remain, but numerous quotations from his writings are found in early Christian literature.


See his works, tr. by F. H. Colson and G. H. Whitaker (10 vol., 1929–42, Loeb Classical Library); E. R. Goodenough, Introduction to Philo Judaeus (2d ed. 1963).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Philos Sci 73 (5):981990,
After surgical reduction, the PHILOS plates were placed at least 5-8 mm inferior to the upper end of the greater tuberosity and 2-4 mm lateral to the bicipital groove.
Xiang, "Minimal Invasive Percutaneous Osteosynthesis for Elderly Valgus Impacted Proximal Humeral Fractures with the PHILOS," BioMed Research International, vol.
Philanthropy comes from the Greek words philos (loving) and anthropos (human being), thus it means the love of humanity.
All 42 patients were treated on deltopectoral approach, 41 cases were treated by PHILOS locking plate, 1 case was treated with cloverleaf locking plate.
They realized that the implant stability is not affected in two bone-screw interface and thus drew a conclusion that bonded interface could serve as a more efficient methodology for proximal humeral fractures with PHILOS plate fixation on account of simplicity and less computational costs [49].
Harmer and a colleague expanded on her theory of depression in a review article aptly titled, "It's the way that you look at it" (Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci.
Sorority members and their affiliates - including Philos, friends of Sigma Gamma Rho, and Rhoers, the organization's young ladies group - attending this year's conference will take part in leadership meetings, informative workshops, luncheons and other festive celebrations.
(8) While one study has analyzed one company's proximal humerus locking plate, the Proximal Humerus Internal Locking System (PHILOS), there have not been detailed examinations of other implant types.
The groups are also sponsored by the Philos Project, a group based in New York focused on Middle East engagement.
E quinci nacque poi, ciascuno studioso in sapienza che fosse 'amatore di sapienza' chiamato, cioe 'filosofo'; che tanto vale in greco 'philos' com'e a dire 'amore' in latino, e quindi dicemo noi: 'philos' quasi amore, e 'soph[os] quasi sapien[te].