philosopher

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Related to Philosophes: Enlightened despots

philosopher

1. a student, teacher, or devotee of philosophy
2. (formerly) an alchemist or devotee of occult science
References in periodicals archive ?
En Deca du Rhin: L'Allemagne des philosophes francais au dix-neuvieme siecle.
The philosophes were more mature and levelheaded than they have been credited as being, and their commitment to science and reason (pace Horkheimer and Adorno) does not make them ancestors of mass murderers.
First, the philosophes and revolutionaries sacrificed their principles for economic concerns, namely the prosperity of the plantation complex in France's Caribbean and Indian Ocean colonies.
On the other hand, the galvanizing of a self-conscious, almost missionary ideology for the philosophes is fundamentally what distinguishes the self-conscious Enlightenment of the period after the late 1750s from its equally self-conscious ideological opposition--the Counter-Enlightenment, most masterfully addressed by Darrin McMahon's Enemies of the Enlightenment.
According to Russo, the philosophes never ceased belittling this style and promoted instead the serious-minded grand gout (or le gout l'antique): a stance that might best be conjured up by thinking of the severe historical tableaux of David.
Pourquoi tout les meilleurs philosophes sont ils Francais?
Dans des pages celebres consacrees au "recours de Baudelaire a la sorcellerie", Georges Blin attire l'attention sur une lettre du 28 mars 1857 oo il ecrivait a son editeur Poulet-Malassis: "Rien qu'avec les souvenirs de mes lectures, du temps que je lisais le XVIIIe siecle", "je vous aurais fait un catalogue eblouissant" non seulement en philosophes, romanciers ou voyageurs, mais aussi "en curiosites de sorcellerie et de sciences mystiques".
In the slogans of the French philosophes, Burke saw something new and alarming in politics, and he struggled for language to describe it, writing of "abstract theory" and "metaphysical dogma.
De plus, la psychanalyse a interpelle au premier plan plusieurs grands philosophes contemporains (notamment en France Sartre, Merleau-Ponty, et Ricoeur) et en retour, ces philosophes ont parfois jete un regard lumineux sur la psychanalyse.
Voltaire, Diderot, Condorcet, and the other philosophes had the profoundly important idea that it might be possible to learn from scientific progress how to achieve social progress toward an enlightened world.
But Voltaire and most of the philosophes were amateurs too, so that doesn't necessarily disqualify him.
Himmelfarb seeks to redeem it by reconfiguring our sense of what it really was, replacing the standard image of the French Enlightenment and its cadre of philosophes with the British Enlightenment and its core of moral philosophers.