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1. a rule or law concerning a natural phenomenon or the behaviour of a system
2. Chem a constituent of a substance that gives the substance its characteristics and behaviour
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the basic initial assumption of any theory, teaching, science, world view, or political organization; an individual’s internal conviction, which determines his relationship to reality, behavioral norms, and activity; the basic characteristic of the structure of any mechanism or apparatus.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(science and technology)
A scientific law which is highly general or fundamental, and from which other laws are derived.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Against this background it emerges that the validation of a philosophical principle will proceed along the following lines: If the principle is violated, then:
One thing that is undoubtedly lost in the passage from 'lone' writing to 'collaborative' writing of history of philosophy is the development of this history in terms of certain guiding philosophical principles. Indeed, by reading CHPNC one has the feeling that each author has his or her own peculiar programme to fulfil, that with each essay the narrative begins anew and follows an altogether different path, and that what matters most is the 'neutral' exposition of the 'facts', not the disclosure of a certain fundamental principle that guides the whole movement of philosophical ideas.
This is because both groups deploy a conception of abstract philosophical coherence according to which Vattel's construction of the law of nations should be normatively unified in accordance with the philosophical principle of natural law, differing only over whether it is or not.
Demystified actually has more in the way of abstract, general philosophical principles, and less examination of particular practices, than Joly's 1999 book, Wine from Sky to Earth.
Occam's Razor refers to the philosophical principle of economy by which William of Ockham rejected what he saw as unnecessary assumptions or unwarranted influences in argumentation.
Woman is endowed by God with a nature uniquely suited to these vocations--and bearing in mind the philosophical principle that "the soul is the form of the body", the relationship between body and soul is different in man and woman.
GBM stresses a connection to tradition even as it transcends tradition; it offers a musical manifestation of the African philosophical principle of accommodation and adaptation.
He implicitly embraces the traditional philosophical principle that "action follows being" by suggesting that we begin the study of divine attributes with God's actions in history and so come to know "who God is from what he does" (97).
According to Judd's philosophical principle, art comes as sensation all at once and not in an assembly of separate parts later combined in the mind, which would be a visual presentation of the rationalistic conceptions he so thoroughly rejected.
Beretta is thorough in her treatment of the many ways in which the Renaissance garden reflected both old doctrines and new aspirations in the continuing dialectic of Art and Nature; but she is less alert to the implications of the conscious ordering of what she calls the "physical" garden by literary and philosophical principles. The garden was itself "literary" in that its concrete realization was shaped by the ideas and conventions Beretta traces so assiduously; it is not surprising, then, if late Renaissance poetic gardens resemble actual gardens of the period.
Several philosophical principles underlying the geriatric programs at Rancho are important and have helped lead to its success.
The next part of the book examines the ideas of the American Founding Fathers and the philosophical principles of classical liberalism that guided them.

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