Philostratus


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Philostratus

(Flavius Philostratus) (fĭlŏs`trətəs; flā`vēəs), fl. c.217, Greek Sophist. From a famous literary family in Lemnos, he settled in Athens in later life. His works include Life of Apollonius of Tyana (a philosopher) and Lives of the Sophists.

Philostratus

 

the name of four Greek writers who lived in the second and third centuries A.D. and were representatives of the second, or new, sophistic movement. The surviving works include the dialogue Nero by Philostratus I, The Life of Apollonius of Tyana, Lives of the Sophists, Imagines, the dialogue Heroicus, and an anthology of fictitious love letters by Philostratus II the Elder, an exhortation on the epistolary style by Philostratus III the Lemnian, and the anthology Imagines by Philostratus IV the Younger.

PUBLICATIONS

Philostratorum et Callistrati opera. Compiled by A. Westermann. Paris, 1878.
In Russian translation:
Filostrat (Starshii i Mladshii): Kartiny. Moscow, 1936. (Translated by S. P. Kondrat’ev.)
Pamiatniki pozdnei antichnoi poezii i prozy II-V v. Moscow, 1964. Pages 233–50.
Pamiatniki pozdnei antichnoi nauchno-khudozhestvennoi literatury II-Vv. Moscow, 1964. Pages 168–77.
Pamiatniki pozdnego antichnogo oratorskogo i epistoliarnogo iskusstva II-V v. Moscow, 1964. Pages 143–52.
References in classic literature ?
There was a gem in the brain of the dragon, Philostratus told us, and "by the exhibition of golden letters and a scarlet robe" the monster could be thrown into a magical sleep and slain.
A scholiast renders `giving eight mouthfulls'; but the elder Philostratus uses the word in contrast to `leavened'.
The character of Zephyr, and the transmogrification of the story into Zephyr killing Hyacinth out of jealousy, comes not from Ovid, Apollodorus, or Hyginus, but from Palaiphatos, (16) Lucian, (17) Philostratus the Elder, (18) and Philostratus the Younger.
Likewise, Prometheus is characterized as the father of philosophy by Theophrastus, the inventor of gymnastics by Philostratus, or the first man to discover how to store and carry fire in a fennel stalk, or to teach men to wear rings on their fingers, by Pliny" (Raggio 50).
A second century AD rhetorician named Philostratus left us a word picture of the scene, including the beacon fire kept alight at the entrance to steer benighted sailors to safe haven.
Noscendi Nilum cupido; imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus.
It is especially the Imagines by Philostratus that bears a convincing similarity with the frescoes of Polyphemus and Galatea.
With time came the opinion that such a debate was an end in itself, that the stress in 'art-related prose fiction' should be on 'fiction' rather than on 'art', and that one could not measure two authors like Philostratus and Pausanias with the same scale.
6) A couple of anonymous readers have called attention to what they perceived as a problem with either Halter or Philostratus calling the technique by a name reflecting the opponent's energetic evasive reactions to the technique.
This period, as Philostratus implied by naming it the Second Sophistic, was a renaissance of rhetors in which the prestige literary activity was declamation.