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Elongation of the prepuce and constriction of the orifice, so that the foreskin cannot be retracted to uncover the glans penis.



tightness and restricted mobility of the prepuce, or foreskin, preventing complete exposure of the glans penis. The condition may be congenital (it is considered physiologic up to the age of two or three) or acquired, resulting from balanoposthitis. A typical symptom is swelling of the preputial space during urination, caused by the accumulation of urine. If phimosis is pronounced, the urethra may widen and subsequently become inflamed. Phimosis is usually treated by surgical removal of the prepuce. In children, the prepuce can be stretched.

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Phimosis is often defined as a condition where the prepuce cannot be retracted over the glans penis without difficulty and pain.
5] The associated inflammation that accompanies many primary lesions may cause tissue swelling and occasionally phimosis, which interferes with clear visualisation of the ulcer.
sup][2] thought that phimosis played no role in the pathogenesis of megaprepuce, it was almost impossible for us to evert the whole inner lay to expose the glans without releasing the stenosis ring of prepuce.
The custom of early circumcision in male infant must be adopted as a prophylactic measure, particularly in those with phimosis.
To circ or not to circ: indications, risks, and alternatives to circumcision in the pediatric population with phimosis.
The prevalence of phimosis is uncertain; a 13% rate was reported among 351 males ages 4-58 in a study of MC using the Shang Ring device (24), whereas the rate we encountered in Phase 1 of our study was 5% (4 of 81 screened volunteers), which is consistent with a report from the British Association of Paediatric Urologists showing a 5% prevalence of non-retractable foreskin among boys age 16-17 years (25).
In the pooled analysis of 8 controlled trials, phimosis was reported in 0.
61] Risk factors for penile cancer include: a lack of MC; phimosis and/or poor genital hygiene; AGWs; and HIV infection.
The clinician must reevaluate the remaining distal foreskin of these patients closely to avoid scar formation that could result in phimosis or penile chordee.
Multivariable regression results were adjusted for the following a priori selected potential confounders: history of reproductive tract disease [cryptorchidism, hypospadias, inguinal hernia, varicocele, testicular hydrocele, incarcerated hernia, phimosis, testicular torsion, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and epididymitis, combined into one dichotomous variable (any versus none)], body mass index (continuously in kilograms per meter squared), smoking status (current and party smoker/exsmoker and never smoker), smoking by the participant's mother during pregnancy (yes/no), and socioeconomic status at birth [total annual income for the household in 1987 < 200,000 DKK (kroner) or [greater than or equal to] 200,000 DKK].