Phlegraean Fields


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Phlegraean Fields

(flĭgrē`ən), Ital. Campi Flegrei, fertile volcanic region, Campania, S Italy, along the Tyrrhenian Sea between Pozzuoli and Naples. It is named for ancient Phlegra, in Macedonia, where in mythology the battle between the giants and the gods took place. In Roman times, the cities of Cumae, Baiae, and Puteoli (Pozzuoli) were fashionable watering places.

The region lies mostly along the northern side of an 8-mi-wide (13-km) volcanic caldera of the same name; most of the caldera is beneath the Gulf of Pozzuoli. The caldera was created by two large explosive eruptions, the first and more massive occurring about 36,000 years ago and the second about 15,000 years ago; both eruptions were far more destructive, with more wide-reaching effects, than those of VesuviusVesuvius
, Ital. Vesuvio, active volcano, S Italy, on the eastern shore of the Bay of Naples, SE of Naples. The only other active volcano on the European mainland is the Campi Flegrei (se Phlegraean Fields) caldera on the Gulf of Pozzuoli to the east.
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 to the west. A large number of eruptions subsequently occurred in three periods, with the last eruption occurring c.1650 B.C. More recent eruptions were at Solfatara (A.D. 1158) and Monte Nuovo (1538). Some of the region's many craters, cinder cones, and other volcanic features emit sulfurous vapors and mineral waters.

Phlegraean Fields

 

(Italian, Campi Flegrei), a volcanic region in Italy, northwest of Naples. The Phlegraean Fields are a hilly plain, with elevations of up to 458 m, formed as the result of the fusion of volcanic domes, craters, and ring structures. There are solfataras, mofettes, and thermal springs in the fields.

References in periodicals archive ?
The natural landscape of Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields, the waters of the Bay, the architectural and artistic legacy of the city, the pigments of the frescoes in Villa Poppaea in Oplontis, the decoration of Baroque churches--these were all explored and proved ripe for the picking for the collection.
The Phlegraean Fields are supervised by a private company called the Vesuvius Observatory, the oldest volcanology research center in the world.
Situated at the midpoint between the volcanic areas of Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields, the city of Naples has become well known for its rich history, art, culture, architecture, music and food.
Situated on the west coast of Italy at the midpoint between the volcanic areas of Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields, it's an area that, over the years, has become well-known for its rich history, art, culture, architecture, music and food.
Also known as the Phlegraean Fields, Campi Flegrei is an eight-mile-wide caldera lying west of Naples.
The programme also travels to the Phlegraean Fields, near Naples, and Rabaul, in Papau New Guinea - calderas which measure more than 14 kilometres across - to explain their violent history and potential threat to mankind.