Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Year and place of birth unknown; died October 610 in Constantinople. Byzantine emperor from 602.

While a Byzantine centurion stationed on the Danube, Phocas assumed command of the soldiers that rose against Emperor Maurice in 602. He came to Constantinople and obtained the support of the city’s inhabitants. Maurice and his sons were executed, and the opposition of the provincial elite and of the upper levels of the capital’s bureaucracy was quelled by terrorism. Having received support from the papacy, Phocas in 607 recognized the pope as the head of the entire Christian church. Phocas’ accession to the throne was exploited by King Khosrau II of Persia, who declared war on Byzantium under the pretext of avenging Maurice and by 608 had conquered a substantial amount of territory in the eastern and southern parts of the empire.

In 608 the exarch of Carthage instigated an uprising against Phocas, and in October 610 the exarch’s son Heraclius sailed with a fleet for Constantinople, where he was supported by the rebellious population of the city. Phocas was deposed and executed, and Heraclius became emperor.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
phoca) means "seal." Seals almost always appear on Phocaean coins.
George Phocas, formerly of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (US-FWS), said that Pangolin, arguably now the most illegally traded species in the world is facing extinction, possibly in the next two years because of the massive harvesting of these ant-eating species from the wilderness of Africa and Asia where they are known only to occur.
The study of Mujibi and Crews [10], in support with Phocas and Sapa [25], illustrated that CE direct and maternal effects, that are genetically correlated in a negative way, could necessarily indicate the influences of physiological and biological factors of the heifer such as the size of pelvic opening at calf-birth.
(14.) Monniaux D, Drouilhet L, Rico C, Estienne A, Jarrier P, Touze JL, Sapa J, Phocas F, Dupont J, Dalbies TR, Fabre S.
The first All Saints' Day occurred on May 13, 609, when Pope Boniface IV accepted the Pantheon in Rome as a gift from Emperor Phocas. He dedicated the day to honor the Virgin Mary and all the martyrs.
de Phocas, dans le chapitre trois ("Collecting the Self"), met en lumiere deux logiques antagonistes: a l'affirmation pretendue du sujet sur un environnement materiel qu'il croit maitriser succede bientot un demembrement en acte dans le morcellement descriptif, dans l'exacerbation metonymique du detail fragmentaire, dans une logique enumerative indefiniment suscitee par le manque.
SOFTWARE firm Phocas is to move its global headquarters to the Midlands as part of a major expansion strategy which will bring jobs to the region.
SOFTWARE firm Phocas is to move its global headquarters to Coventry as part of a major expansion strategy which will bring jobs to the city.
(10.) Caroli J, Hepp J, Phocas E, et al: Teratome retroperitoneal perforedans le canal hepatique gauche etdansl'estomac.
Finally, Elisa Segnini looks at techniques of reading in order to position Jean Lorrain's novel Monsieur de Phocas within the field of the fantastic.
John the Baptist (aka the Great Pigeon House, the Church of Nicephorus Phocas or just plain \'c7avu\u351 in Church).