was an Athenian general and politician, greatly admired for his honesty and virtue.
On the human plane, his version credits the Phocians
with heroic exploits in the actual defense of the sanctuary, while the Aetolian forces were occupied with Acichorius' contingent, which had left Heraclea to join forces with Brennus at Delphi.(16) The epiphany of Artemis and Athena would incorporate two Aetolian deities into the Delphic legend and may have served as part of a variant account to counter a tradition in which Apollo and the Phocians
were the saviors of the sanctuary.(17)
554ff., Orestes anticipates the circumstances in which he will murder Aegisthus: he will infiltrate the palace disguised as a Phocian
, find Aegisthus seated on the throne he has usurped, and strike him down.
(4)For the Phocian
appeal of 395 and the Achean appeal of 389, v.i.
Harmocydes similarly urges the Phocians
to battle not with the rhetoric of freedom but with a steely admonition to courage at the edge of the abyss:
According to him (10.8.1-5) the Ainians, together with the Ionians, Dolopes, Thessalians, Magnesians, Malians, Phthiotians, Dorians, Phocians
and Locrians who border on Phocis, had constituted the original League.
At Plataea, the Greek allies of Persia who were pitted against the Athenians included the Boeotians, Locrians, Thessalians, Phocians
, and the Macedonians.
He was of an age to remember the temple-robbery of Delphi by the Phocians
and their mercenaries, and the fact that Philip had had 3,000 of them executed when prisoners of war `as temple-robbers' (Diod.
He put up so formidable a fight that, as Plutarch relates, a soldier who later dared to engage him in single combat was on this account granted heroic honours by the Phocians
3.10.3-3.10.5: On the Eurypontid side, Pausanias moves from the death of Agesilaos in 360 to the episode of Archidamos with the Phocians
membership and votes on the Council of the Delphic Amphictyony were transferred from 'Phocians
' to ' Macedones' (Paus.
The probable explanation is that after the defeat of Philip by Onomarchus in 353 some cities deserted from the Thessalian League, of which Philip was the elected archon, and joined the side of the Phocians
and Pherae; and then that, when the decisive victory was won on the Crocus Field and the tyrants of Pherae left Thessaly in 352, some city-states were punished for sacrilege as well as for treachery.(3) In our passage Philip was in Thessaly 'seizing gold mines' (auraria sc.