Phocion


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Phocion

(fō`shən), c.402–318 B.C., Athenian general. He served successfully against the forces of Philip of Macedon—in Euboea (now Évvoia; 348 B.C.) and at Byzantium (339), when he forced Philip to abandon his siege of that city. In Athens, Phocion was a leader of the party that urged conciliation with the Macedonians; he was opposed by Demosthenes. When the Athenians refused to comply with Alexander's demand for the surrender of Demosthenes, Phocion led a successful embassy of conciliation to Alexander. In the turmoil following the death of AntipaterAntipater
, d. 319 B.C., Macedonian general. He was one of the ablest and most trusted lieutenants of Philip II and was a friend and supporter of Alexander the Great. When Alexander went on his Asian campaign, Antipater was left as regent (334–323 B.C.) in Macedon.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (319), Phocion intrigued with CassanderCassander
, 358–297 B.C., king of Macedon, one of the chief figures in the wars of the Diadochi. The son of Antipater, he was an officer under Alexander the Great, but there was ill feeling between them.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Later, when the Athenian democracy, which had been curtailed by Antipater, was restored, the democrats forced Phocion to drink hemlock; shortly after his death, however, they raised a statue in his honor.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Phocion

 

Born 397 B.C.; died 317 B.C. Athenian general and political figure.

Phocion was elected strategus 45 times. He sided with the oligarchic pro-Macedonian party against the democratic anti-Macedonian party led by Demosthenes and supported the policies of the Macedonian rulers Philip II and Alexander the Great. In 317 B.C., Phocion was charged with treason and, in accordance with the verdict of the Athenian Popular Assembly, was executed.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(73.) Letter from Phocion to the Considerate Citizens of New-York,
(59.) See ALEXANDER HAMILTON, A LETTER FROM PHOCION TO THE CONSIDERATE CITIZENS OF NEW YORK (Jan.
(119.) Second Letter from Phocion to the Considerate Citizens of
Landscape with the gathering of the Ashes of Phocion - Nicolas Poussin is a really important artist.
"Phocion" Howard, who covered the Little Big Horn battle, found the ledger among numerous mailings in a funery Lakota lodge wrapped in a gunny sack.
He discusses the origins of the negative image, ideology, oligarchy, democracy, whether the general Phocion was good or bad, whether Stratocles of Diomeia was an audacious buffoon or shamelessly bold, and whether Callippus of Eleusis was a tin-pot general or a The Generalissimo.
In 1784, Hamilton cited Coke and stated, "If we enquire what is meant by the law of the land, the best commentators will tell us, that it means due process of law." ALEXANDER HAMILTON, A LETTER FROM PHOCION TO THE CONSIDERATE CITIZENS OF NEW YORK, reprinted in 3 THE PAPERS OF ALEXANDER HAMILTON 485 (Harold C.
(62.) ALEXANDER HAMILTON, A Second Letter from Phocion (1784),
(95) To bolster this claim, Goldman invokes lengthy passages from an essay by Phocion Franceskakis--one of the most eminent figures in postwar, French private international law--on natural law and private international law.
Lansquenets get on with what they have been paid to do, just as Phocion's widow, imagined by Poussin, buries the remains of her husband whilst the inattentive husbandman tends his fields.