Phoenician Literature

Phoenician Literature

 

the literature of the Phoenicians. Phoenician literature is related to Ugaritic literature, together with which it constitutes Canaanite literature.

At the turn of the first millennium B.C, the Phoenicians, as disseminators of alphabetic writing and as intermediaries between cultures, played a unique role in the history of Mediterranean literatures, having provided an important impetus to the emergence of classical Greek literature. However, the texts of Phoenician literature have been almost entirely lost. Gravestone and dedicatory inscriptions from the second and first millennia B.C, sometimes written in a graphic, rhythmic prose, have been preserved on the territory of Phoenicia and its colonies. The mythological plots of Phoenician literature, which center on such divinities as Astarte, the goddess of love and fertility, and the chief god, Baal, are well known through adaptations by Hellenistic scholars. The myth of the sufferings and resurrection of Adonis, for example, was retold by Ovid in his Metamorphoses.

REFERENCES

Turaev, B. A. Ostalki finikiiskoi literatury. St. Petersburg, 1903.
Vinnikov, I. N. “Novye finikiiskie nadpisi iz Kilikii.” Vestnik drevnei islorii, 1950, no. 3.
Vinnikov, I. N. “Epitafiia Akhirama Biblskogo v novom osveshchenii.” Ibid., 1952, no. 4.
Shifman, 1. Sh. Finikiiskii iazyk. Moscow, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
It appears that, just as in the Phoenician literature, Dagan customarily functions in the Ugaritic myth as another father of Baal, without possessing any real substance.
While Dagon's fatherhood also remained as a fossilized element in Phoenician literature, there it retained more substantial traces of the earlier Hurrian literature.
With respect to Phoenician literature she surveys the testimony of Josephus, Philo of Byblos, and references to Greek histories of the Phoenicians (pp.