Phoenix Park murders


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Phoenix Park murders,

name given to the assassination on May 6, 1882, of Lord Frederick Cavendish, British secretary for Ireland, and Thomas Henry Burke, his undersecretary, in Phoenix Park, Dublin. They were stabbed to death by members of the "Invincibles," a terrorist splinter group of the Fenian movementFenian movement
or Fenians,
secret revolutionary society organized c.1858 in Ireland and the United States to achieve Irish independence from England by force.
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. Two of those arrested turned state's evidence, five were hanged, and three were sentenced to penal servitude. Charles Stewart ParnellParnell, Charles Stewart
, 1846–91, Irish nationalist leader. Haughty and sensitive, Parnell was only a mediocre orator, but he possessed a marked personal fascination and was a shrewd political and parliamentary tactician.
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 was alleged (1887) by his political enemies to have been personally involved in the plot. A parliamentary commission appointed to investigate the charges exonerated him (1890).
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Among the topics are night marauders and deluded wretches: public discourses on Ribbonism in pre-Famine Ireland, organized labor in Limerick City 1819-21: violence and the struggle for legitimacy, constitutional rhetoric as legal defence: Irish lawyers and the language of political dissent in 1848, loyal to the crown but not the crown's government: the challenge to policing posed by the Orange Order in 1830s Ulster, and narrating the story of the Phoenix Park murders through contemporary broadside ballads.
His many books included 'The Phoenix Park Murders', published a couple of years after our visit.
Though well known in his day, Inspector John Mallon is now remembered, if at all, as the detective who uncovered the plot behind the Phoenix Park murders, in which the Chief Secretary, Lord Cavendish, and the Under-secretary, Sir Thomas Burke, were knifed to death in May 1882.
What Fairhall offers instead is a detailed but straightforward examination of the events surrounding Joyce's major works, from the Phoenix Park murders and the fall of Charles Stewart Parnell to the Great War and after.

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