New Zealand Flax

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

New Zealand Flax

 

(Phormium tenax), a perennial herb of the Liliaceae family, sometimes classified in the Agavaceae family. It has sword-shaped leaves up to three m long arranged in two rows on a short stem. The branched blossom cluster, 1.5–4.5 m high, bears 250–460 red or yellow flowers, which are pollinated by birds. The fruit is a three-faceted pod. The leaves contain a strong fiber used for making twine, rope, ship rigging, and matting. New Zealand flax is native to New Zealand and Norfolk Island, where it grows in large thickets on moist plains and mountain slopes. It can withstand temperatures of –10°C. The plant is raised for both industrial and decorative purposes in many subtropical countries. In the Caucasus, along the Black Sea, New Zealand flax is grown in gardens and parks and on small plantations.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Presumably it was on this second expedition that Gunn gathered plants of Phormium which he took back to Launceston.
Phormiums, or New Zealand Flax as it is commonly known, throws up these great long flowering shoots - you don't need to cut them down but you can if you wish, to tidy the appearance of the shrub.
Phormiums, or New Zealand Flax as it is commonly know, throws up these great long flowering shoots - you don't need to cut them down but you can if you wish, to tidy the appearance of the shrub.
Phormium proved to be a particularly strong and elastic fiber for possible use as reinforcement [12].
Hardy palms and bamboos combined with phormiums will take a fair amount of exposure to the elements, says Toby, presenter of Weed It & Reap on UKTV Style.
A blooming Leucadendron 'Safari Sunset' and an upright, spiky-leafed 'Maori Queen' phormium add rosy hues above a silvery green phormium and deep green Carex tumulicola.
Pull out the dead outer leaves of phormium and divide congested clumps.
AMy Phormium or New Zealand flax is exactly the same.
In previous winters, I have lost several Phormium tenax (New Zealand flax), a plant that presently features amongst the most popular at garden centres, its swordshaped leaves providing a striking contrast in the herbaceous borders.
PLANTS Chamaerops humilis (dwarf fan palm) Phormium 'Yellow Wave' Acorus calamus 'Variegatus' Penstemon rupicola Carex flagellifera Selected sedums - sprinkled around the boulders and the edge of the bricks Polystichum polyblepharumn.
Broad-leaved cannas, hostas, deep orange dahlias, fiery crocosmias and tender bulbs such as gloriosa will all add heat to the scene, while plants of architectural interest such as Fatsia japonica, palms, cordyline and phormium can all add to that tropical feel.