The name Telesphoros comes from two Greek words: telos, meaning "end" or "purpose," and phoros
, meaning "carrying" or "bearing." Many people are looking for purpose, especially in today's world that is so manic, so externalized and without reflection.
or "feverfew;" hysterophorus was derived from the Greek hystera (womb) and phoros
(bearing), referring to the prolific seeding habit of the plant .
The comparison is designed to provide insight on the theme by means of the phoros (114-15).
Perelman characterizes metaphor as little more than a condensed analogy; theme and phoros are fused in the metaphorical statement.
Chaim Perelman and Lucie Olbrechts-Tyteca affirm that each phoros
highlights or emphasizes a different aspect of the theme and disregards others.
for individual epithets and discover that many do appear in the Index (Dikaios, Euergetes, Eusebes, Nikator, Nike phoros
, Philopator, Soter, Theos, etc.).
(90) Many Christians have understood the New Testament to support the voluntary payment of taxes through Jesus' words, "Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's." (91) The New Testament records a variety of taxes, indicating a fairly sophisticated taxation regime, notwithstanding the limitations imposed by geography: a telos tax on merchandise or travelers, (92) an annual phoros
tax on property, (93) a kensos or poll tax, (94) and a spiritual excise tax in the form of the temple tax.
"Criteria for the Dating of Fifth-Century Attic Inscriptions," in Phoros
: Tribute to Benjamin Dean Meritt, ed.
The key to their understanding of this relationship is their definition of the theme and the phoros. The theme is the lesser known relationship, "the terms to which the conclusion relates," while the phoros is the better known relationship, "the terms that serve to buttress the argument" (Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca, 1969, p.
Perelman warns that "there are limits," noting that when "an affirmation concerning the phoros seems inadmissible because it is shocking to common sense, we have the type of expressions which Quintilian ridiculed" (1982, p.
Analogy and metaphor bring together two structures--a better known structure (the phoros
) and one that is lesser known (the theme).