per 100 L water--Engeo Pleno[R] SC; Syngenta, England), phosmet
(175.0 g a.i per 100 L water--Imidan[R] 50 WP; Cross Link, Brazil), imidacloprid (4.0 g a.i.
The commonly used Organophosphates are Parathion, Malathion, Fenitrothion, Methyl parathion, Diazinon, Dichlorvos, Phosmet
molesta in Brazil has been carried out mainly using organophosphorate insecticides (chlorpyrifos and phosmet
) and insect growth regulators (lufenuron and novaluron) (ARIOLI et al., 2010).
Fenitrothion (Sumithion[R] 500 EC; 200 mL / 100 [L.sup.-1]), phosmet
(Imidan[R] 500 WP; 200 g / 100 [L.sup.-1]), malathion (Malathion[R], 350 mL / 100 [L.sup.-1]) and methidathion (Suprathion[R] 400 EC, 100 mL / 100 [L.sup.-1]) displayed 100% mortality at the end of one DAT, and spinosad (Tracer[R], 15 mL / 100 [L.sup.-1]), deltamethrin (Decis[R] 25 EC, 40 mL / 100 [L.sup.-1]), and dimethoate (Perfekthion[R] 80 mL / 100 [L.sup.-1]) also obtained high control indexes, with the recorded mortality of 96%, 90%, and 90%, respectively, significantly differing from the control treatment.
The most frequently used phosphate esters are malathion, parathion, phosmet
, tetrachlorvinphos, azamethiphos, methyl parathion, diazinon, azinphos methyl, and fenitrothion.
citri, using different materials (i.e., beta-cyfluthrin, bifenthrin, chlorpyrifos, cypermethrin, dimethoate, fenpropathrin, phosmet
, imidacloprid, pyriproxifen, thiamethoxam).
Commonly used OP pesticides include parathion, malathion, methyl parathion, chlorpyrifos, diazinon, dichlorvos, phosmet
, and fenitrothion.
Huang, "Analyses of phosmet
residues in apples with surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy," Food Control, vol.
They include azinophos, methyl chloripyrofos, diazinon, dimethoate, ethion, omethioate, parathion, parathion methyl, phosalone, and phosmet
. Does that make an apple appetizing?
salubricola control, since the mortality rate induced by strain E6 (82%) in first-instar larvae (Table 3) almost reached the 100% mortality rate of chemical insecticides chlorpyrifosethyl, methidathion, phosmet
, trichlorfon, tebufenozide, fenitrotion, and carbaryl (Botton et al., 2000).
Suter HC (1997) Reactivity and mobility of the organophosphate pesticide phosmet
Papers summarize the safety data on 13 pesticides: carbosulfan, cyprodinil, dimethoate, famoxadone, malathion, methoxyfenozide, paraquat, phosmet
, pyraclostrobin, pyrethrins, tebufenozide, and terbufos.