Retouching

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Retouching

 

the correction of drawings, photographs, and other pictorial materials. Retouching consists of filling in areas with pencils or liquid colors, scratching out certain areas, or using chemical treatment (etching the emulsion of a photographic layer). In printing, retouching is used to prepare originals and to correct negatives and slides before preparing printing plates.

A distinction is made between technical retouching, which eliminates accidental defects (such as spots, dots, and scratches), and gradational retouching, which consists of increasing or decreasing the density of certain areas of a halftone. In mapmaking, separation retouching is used: on line contour negatives one of the colors is emphasized by covering the others, that is, linear elements are separated by color. Retouching is usually done by hand and, for large areas, by airbrush.

References in periodicals archive ?
According to Photoshop pros, Kardashian uses a photo manipulation app on many of the images she posts to Instagram, News.
There are artistes from Australia, Holland, India, Portugal and United Kingdom, and there are a total of 100 works ranging from paintings and photographs to digital and photo manipulations on display," says Roohi Kapoor who has contributed 10 paintings to ' Synergy'.
Many have yet to forget the company's controversial ad depicting, among others, a photo manipulation showing (http://static.
Updated to reflect improvements and changes in the latest versions of the software, this guide to working with Adobe Photoshop CS5 provides a comprehensive look at the professional photo manipulation process.
But some pundits feel that thanks to the wonders of the internet and photo manipulation, today's teenagers are under more pressure than ever to conform to an unobtainable standard of beauty, and it's taking a serious toll on their self-esteem.
While that kind of photo manipulation may drive purists crazy, Forrest isn't documenting the landscape so much as he is creating art about it.
Dubai Before computers, photo manipulation was achieved by retouching with ink, paint, double-exposure, or piecing photographs or negatives together in the darkroom.
With such pressure on taking pictures in public, many local photographers are forced to take their projects underground and shifting their style from artistic realism to photo manipulation.
The work includes traditionally installed software such as the OpenOffice productivity suite and the Gimp photo manipulation program as well as online resources such as Google Docs, Gmail and Picassa web albums.
As photo manipulation has become commonplace, it's had a huge impact on the public's willingness to trust the images they see.
Finally, one of the more controversial points of discussion on Flickr generally is the use of photo manipulation tools to create different images from photos.
10 Who is appearing on the front cover of the September edition of Men's Vogue amid speculation that a photo manipulation program has been used to make him look less wrinkled?