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the language of the Phrygians. Phrygian is attested by inscriptions from Asia Minor that correspond to two separate time periods and by glosses from the works of Greek and Roman authors. Old Phrygian texts, represented by 78 inscriptions, occur on temples and pottery (graffiti) and date from the eighth to fifth centuries B.C. New Phrygian texts, which number more than 100, are formulaic curses terminating Greek epitaphs; they date from the second and third centuries A.D. Because the texts are fragmentary and stereotypical, it has proved difficult to establish the historical relation of Phrygian to other languages: some specialists believe that Phrygian is related to Armenian, and others consider it a Greek language.


D’iakonov, I. M. Predystoriia armianskogo naroda. Yerevan, 1968.
Neroznak, V. P. “K izucheriiu frigiiskogo iazyka: Problemy i rezul’taty.” In the collection Drevnii Vostok, fasc. 2. Yerevan, 1976.
Gusmani, R. Studi sull’antico frigio. Milan, 1958. (Rendiconti dell’-lstituto Lombardo di scierne e lettere, vol. 92.)
Gusmani, R. II frigio e le altre lingue indoeuropee, Milan, 1959. (Ibid., vol 93.)
Haas, O. Die phrygischen Sprachdenkmäler. Sofia, 1966.
Young, R. S. “Old Phrygian Inscriptions from Gordion.” Hesperia, 1969, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 252–96.


References in periodicals archive ?
13) Phrygian mode is essentially a minor scale, but with a flat second.
On 2nd June 2010, a judgment was handed down by the Court to the effect that the three Phrygian bowls and two Byzantine censers which had been secured by order of 16th December 2009 had to be handed over to the claimant.
Simpson's thesis, already set out in earlier publications, that the circle patterns in the centers of the serving stands could be an abstract representation of the Phrygian goddess Matar is possible, considering both the abstraction of the semi-iconic idols associated with Matar that are characteristic of Phrygia and the prevalence of winged sun disks in ornament in the Near East and Anatolia.
However, given that prayers of such a delicate nature are traditionally addressed to Priapus, now himself part of the ruined "old world," the speaker suspects that he may be out of luck: "Cry aloud; for the old world is broken: / Cry out; for the Phrygian is priest, / And rears not the bountiful token / And spreads not the fatherly feast" (ll.
BEIRUT: According to ancient myth, the Phrygian satyr Marsyas challenged the god Apollo to a musical contest, judged by the Muses, and lost.
For example, Polystratus says that the Phrygian deserved to inherit, even though he was a barbarian and an okthros (pest).
The second section of chapters is organized around a contextualized reading of petitions of the Phrygian city of Orcistus to Constantine.
On April 22, at DC's Harman Center for the Arts, Post-Classical Ensemble presents a "John Adams Snapshot," with performances of American Berserk, Phrygian Gates, and Gnarly Buttons.
We have already noted (Casule 2004: 84) the possibility that the Phrygian word terkos 'burial plot' from the inscriptions (Orel 1997: 461, without etymology) could be correlated with the Burushaski words.
Officials closed all Narbonne cafes in 1837 on learning that they were being used as the sites for political meetings, and during the post-1848 general political crackdown, Narbonne republicans expressed their views of the newly elected President Louis Napoleon during Carnival celebrations by including in the traditional Mardi Gras parade a float that featured a mannequin in Napoleonic dress riding backwards on an ass (eventually the authorities banned all celebrations of Carnival to avoid such demonstrations, along with the singing of democratic songs and displays of red flags and the Phrygian cap).
Again, akin to the Arabic nawahand music form, fado alternates between minor and Phrygian modes.