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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the language of the Phrygians. Phrygian is attested by inscriptions from Asia Minor that correspond to two separate time periods and by glosses from the works of Greek and Roman authors. Old Phrygian texts, represented by 78 inscriptions, occur on temples and pottery (graffiti) and date from the eighth to fifth centuries B.C. New Phrygian texts, which number more than 100, are formulaic curses terminating Greek epitaphs; they date from the second and third centuries A.D. Because the texts are fragmentary and stereotypical, it has proved difficult to establish the historical relation of Phrygian to other languages: some specialists believe that Phrygian is related to Armenian, and others consider it a Greek language.


D’iakonov, I. M. Predystoriia armianskogo naroda. Yerevan, 1968.
Neroznak, V. P. “K izucheriiu frigiiskogo iazyka: Problemy i rezul’taty.” In the collection Drevnii Vostok, fasc. 2. Yerevan, 1976.
Gusmani, R. Studi sull’antico frigio. Milan, 1958. (Rendiconti dell’-lstituto Lombardo di scierne e lettere, vol. 92.)
Gusmani, R. II frigio e le altre lingue indoeuropee, Milan, 1959. (Ibid., vol 93.)
Haas, O. Die phrygischen Sprachdenkmäler. Sofia, 1966.
Young, R. S. “Old Phrygian Inscriptions from Gordion.” Hesperia, 1969, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 252–96.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Perhaps unsurprisingly, since there are several aspects of Iron Age Phrygian visual culture which are similar to contemporary Near Eastern, especially North Syrian, art, joinery techniques, forms, and ornaments, all find parallels with furniture remains and depictions from further east.
Casule [2004], on the possible correlation with Phrygian) and with the Northern/Western Indo-European group on the other.
Mozeson does not mention Herodotus' account of the claim of Phrygian to priority over all other languages; however, judging by the ingenuity of his argumentation in the book under review, he would no doubt be able to explain away the Phrygian claim handily.
As for the Phrygians, for whom no native designation has yet been identified (p.
The second-century Lydian itinerant Pausanias described in his own words how in fact, Ankara had been founded by Midas, the son of Phrygian King Gordias, and how, likewise, the anchor legend had its roots in much earlier times.
They included the Late Hittites in southeastern Anatolia and northern Syria, the Urartians in the region of Lake Van and parts of Iran, the Phrygians in central and southeastern Anatolia, the Lydians, Carians and Lycians in the west and southwest, and, on the western coastal fringe, the Ionians.
Western and eastern Phrygians differed in some points but "shared alphabetic writing, the cult of Kybele, fortified cities, bronze fibulae and belts and pottery." Phrygian bronzework is distinguished by its precision of execution and its technological sophistication.
It was hosted to the Hittites, Phrygians, Cimmerians, Lydia, Persia, Rome, Byzantine, Danishmend, Seljuq Empire, Ilkhanate and Ottoman civilizations between the Antic Age to present days.
Though Hittites and later Phrygians reigned over this land, the city mainly carries traces of the Ionian civilization which ruled over this region after the 7th Century B.C.
DENyZLy (CyHAN)- It is found out that Laodikeia, which is built 7500 years ago in Anatolia, is not a Greek city but belongs to Phrygians that dominated the west of Central Anatolia through the 7th century BC.
Other cave houses near the villages of Muslar, Eceltikder and Yuva were constructed by Phrygians to protect against enemy attacks.