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family of chemical compounds made from alcohols and phthalic anhydride, C6H4(CO)2O. Oily, colorless, odorless liquids that do not evaporate readily, they are used primarily to make polyvinyl chloridepolyvinyl chloride
(PVC), thermoplastic that is a polymer of vinyl chloride. Resins of polyvinyl chloride are hard, but with the addition of plasticizers a flexible, elastic plastic can be made. This plastic has found extensive use as an electrical insulator for wires and cables.
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 (PVC) soft and flexible. When added to plastics, phthalates allow the long polyvinyl molecules to slide against one another. Phthalates may be found in some types of flooring, medical devices such as intravenous (IV) bags and tubing, children's toys, lubricants, footwear, electrical cable, hair sprays, and as plasticizers in nail polish, perfumes or other fragrances to make the scent last longer. The so-called new car smell, which becomes especially pungent after a car has been sitting in the sun, is partly the odor of phthalates volatilizing from a hot plastic dashboard. In laboratory animals, some phthalates have been linked with liver abnormalities as well as fertility problems and birth defects. As a consequence, the use of some phthalates in children's toys is restricted in the European Union.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Urinary metabolite concentrations of organophosphorous pesticides, bisphenol A, and phthalates among pregnant women in Rotterdam, the Netherlands: The Generation R study.
Plastisol processing does require somewhat higher temperatures than with conventional phthalates. In addition, Hexamoll DINCH has some inherent lubricating properties, so the use of other lubricants such as stearates may be reduced or eliminated.
While more research is needed to determine whether phthalates actually cause diabetes, this association is enough to give us pause.
We decided it was time to put the leading non-phthalates to the test and see how they compared against phthalates and against each other.
[35] United States Consumer Product Safety Commission, Test Method: CPSC-CH-C1001-09.3 Standard Operating Procedure for Determination of Phthalates, Consumer Products Safety Commission, Directorate for Laboratory Sciences, Gaithersburg, MD, USA, 2010.
The major pathway of human exposure is through ingestion of contaminated food and water but other routes including inhalation and dermal contact are also significant.5,6 Flooring of PVC leads to higher con-centrations of phthalates in the dust.
Phthalates are everywhere, and several researches have documented their menacing health impacts which is a common chemical found in many household articles.
A new Danish study exposed six men to two semivolatile phthalates during two six-hour stints.
The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (CPSIA) expressly bans two phthalates of (di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), or butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP)).
Since 2009, several phthalates have been banned from children's toys and other childcare articles in the United States.
"Phthalates can migrate from plastic into the body if they come into contact with saliva or sweat.
"After that, I started doing some research, and I found out about phthalates."