Phyllomedusa


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Phyllomedusa

 

a genus of tailless amphibians of the family Hylidae. The body measures 6 cm in length. The upper parts are usually green, and the sides and extremities are often red, orange, or purple. The snout is short, and the front paws are prehensile; the inner fingers and toes are opposable to the other digits. Unlike other tree toads, species of Phyllomedusa have weakly developed pads on the end of the digits.

The genus consists of 30 species, which are found in Central and South America. Adults live most of their lives in the tops of tall trees, where they hang on to thin branches and leaves by means of their digits. They do not live in the water, even during the reproductive season. They wrap their eggs in a wide leaf or place them between two or several leaves (which adhere to each other because of the sticky egg coverings), usually on trees growing by bodies of water. The young develop quickly; in three to six days the larvae have external gills, which atrophy by the time the tadpole hatches. The hatched tadpoles drop into the water, where they complete their development.

I. S. DAREVSKII

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Se ha reportado que tanto el tipo de habitat como la temporada climatica influyen en el peso y LHC de algunas especies de ranas arboricolas del genero Phyllomedusa (Neckel-Oliveira & Gascon, 2006).
A)Rhinella humboldti, B)Rhinella margaritifera, C) Leptodactylus fragilis, D)Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni, E)Craugastor raniformis, F)Leptodactylus fuscus, G)Craugastor fitzingeri, H)Pristimantis gaegei, I)Dendropsophus microcephalus, J)Hypsiboas boans, K) Phyllomedusa venusta, L)Caecilia thompsoni.
Para la anurofauna de Argentina existen tablas de desarrollo para Rhinella arenarum (4, 7), Pseudis platensis (9, 10), Phyllomedusa azurea, P.
Crystallin distribution patterns in Litoria infrafrenata and Phyllomedusa sauvagei lenses.
Mendes LC (1996) Phyllomedusa distinct (leaf-frog).
2010 for a recent phylogenetic treatment of Hylidae): Phyllomedusa (Hodl and Amezquita, 2001) in tribe Phyllomedusinae, Litoria (Hodl and Amezquita, 2001) in tribe Pelodryadinae, Hypsiboas (Giasson and Haddad, 2006) in tribe Cophomantini, Scinax (Hartmann et al.
Phyllomedusa atelopoides Duellman, Cadle, & <200 Cannatella, 1988 283.
One of largest arboreal frogs in the New World tropics is the tree frog Phyllomedusa bicolor, also known as the monkey frog.
Other larger hylids, such as Hypsiboas raniceps or Phyllomedusa hypochondrialis, remained in areas covered by dense vegetation bordering the sowed rice field areas near the water reservoirs.
Why is this tree frog, or Phyllomedusa sauvagii, giving itself a rubdown?