Phyllophora

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Phyllophora

 

a genus of red algae. The thallus is lamellate, simple, or branched and measures as much as 50 cm in height. Reproduction is by means of carpospores (which are formed sexually), tetraspores, and fragments of thalli; in some species sporophytes, in the form of small protuberances, grow on the gametophytes.

The genus embraces approximately 15 species, which inhabit cold and temperate seas. In the USSR there are five species. The algae are used for the production of the gelatin-forming substance carrageenin.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
CHARACTER TAXA OF THE ORDER: Agarum clathratum, Alaria esculenta, Bonnemaisonia hamifera, Calliblepharis ciliata, Callithamnion tetricum, Chondrus crispus, Coccotylus truncatus, Delesseria sanguinea, Fimbrifolium dichotomum, Gigartina pistillata, Heterosiphonia plumosa, Membranoptera alata, Odonthalia dentata, Phycodrys rubens, Phyllophora pseudoceranoides, Plumaria plumosa, Polysiphonia arctica, Ptilota gunneri, Stenogramma interruptum.
TYPE: Holotypus hoc loco: Julve & MANNEVILLE (2006) included a column of a synoptic table; full releve table was presented online and here we select the releve 133 from this source and present as the holotype: France, Bretagne, eu-littoral, on rock in a shaded pool, exposed to wave action (cover scale: + to 5): Phyllophora crispa 4, Plumaria plumosa 3, Corallina officinalis 2, Ceramium virgatum 1, Laminaria digitata 1, Delesseria sanguinea +.
In addition, we collected samples of the benthic red alga Phyllophora antarctica at depths of 15 and 25 m at Cape Evans, Ross Island, approximately 25 km north of McMurdo Station.
Primnoa Fischer-Waldheim 1846, Sharovia Otte 1997, Parahagla Lin 1982, Phyllophora erosifolia Piza 1981 and Archibrunnea Otte 1997: naming issues resolved.
lumbricalis II (Solovets Islands in the White Sea), (4) Phyllophora nervosa (Odessa Region in the Black Sea), (5) Ahnfeltia tobuchiensis I and (6) Gracilaria verrucosa (Gulf of Peter the Great in the Sea of Japan), and (7) A.
Cladina arbuscula 73.7 Cladina mitis 15.8 13.2 Cladina rangiferina 26.3 Cladina stellaris 10.5 Cladonia amaurocraea 44.7 Cladonia botrytes 21.1 2.6 Cladonia cariosa 5.3 Cladonia cenotea 10.5 Cladonia chlorophaea group 34.2 7.9 Cladonia coccifera 36.8 2.6 Cladonia cornuta 76.3 5.3 Cladonia cyanipes Cladonia deformis 18.4 Cladonia digitata Cladonia ecmocyna 2.6 Cladonia fimbriata 68.4 Cladonia gracilis 71.1 5.3 Cladonia major Cladonia metacorallifera 5.3 Cladonia multiformis Cladonia norlinii Cladonia phyllophora 5.3 Cladonia pleurota 2.6 Cladonia pocillum 2.6 Cladonia pyxidata 5.3 5.3 Cladonia sp.
In 1870, the arrival on the market of iodine derived from the Chilean mineral deposits caused the second and definitive decline in seaweed's industrial applications, although there is evidence for the local production of iodine in Japan and Russia (where it was obtained from a red seaweed, Phyllophora nervosa).
Harder rock When available, this rock can be colonized by red algae (Phyllophora sp.); sponges such as Halichondria sp.
29TPJ13: Punta Socastro, Viveiro, Ria de Viveiro, infralitoral (-6 m), sobre roca con arena y epifito de Phyllophora crispa, Corallina officinalis y C.
Noja, Punta de la Mesa, 19-IX-2005, zonas expuestas del intermareal medio e inferior, generalmente epifita de Cystoseira tamariscifolia y Phyllophora sicula, tetrasporagios zonados, M.