Leaf-Nosed Bat

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Related to Phyllostomidae: Molossidae, Daubentoniidae

Leaf-Nosed Bat

 

any one mammal of the family Phyllostomatidae of the suborder Microchiroptera. At the end of the muzzle there is a vertical, sharpened leathery appendage (nose-leaf), which is sometimes very complex in form. There are seven subfamilies, comprising 49 genera, found in the tropics and subtropics of America. Some of these bats are insectivorous; the members of some subfamilies feed on fruit pulp, nectar, and pollen. The vampire bats of the genus Vampyrum feed on both insects and fruits; the large Javelin bats of the genus Phyllostomus prey on small vertebrates.

References in periodicals archive ?
As redes foram dispostas em bordas de mata, trilhas, campos e estradas, a uma altura de 0,5 m a 2,5 m acima do solo, favorecendo a captura de morcegos da familia Phyllostomidae (PEDRO, 1998; FILHO e REIS, 2008).
La familia Phyllostomidae es considerada la mas abundante en el neotropico, debido a su amplio rango de recursos alimenticios y su gran capacidad adaptativa (Fleming 1986; Munoz 1986; Ospina & Gomez 1999; Freeman 2000).
El uso de cuevas por parte de integrantes de las familias Mormoopidae y Phyllostomidae en Venezuela, puede estar asociado, entre otros aspectos, con requerimientos fisiologicos y reproductivos, derivado de las temperaturas internas que ofrecen (Bonnaccorso et al.
1999) sobre varios hospedadores, la gran mayoria de ellos Phyllostomidae, habiendo un solo registro sobre Mormoopidae (Guerrero, 1995).
La familia Phyllostomidae presento la mayor riqueza de especies, siendo Artibeus planirostris (Figura 4a) la mas abundante; mientras que Molosus molossus (Figura 4b) fue la especie con mayor abundancia asociada a sitios de construcciones y techos de las viviendas urbanas.
Dentre Phyllostomidae, a especie mais abundante foi Artibeus lituratus, com 85 individuos (45,45%), seguida de Sturnira lilium, com 55 individuos (29,41%), Carollia perspicillata, com 23 individuos (12,30%), Artibeus fimbriatus, com 19 individuos (10,16%), Artibeus planirostris, com tres individuos (1,60%), Desmodus rotundus, com um individuo (0,53%) e Pygoderma bilabiatum, com um individuo (0,53%).
In the present work we carried out a comparative study on the intestine histomorphology of five representatives of family Phyllostomidae, so as to acquire more knowledge on the structural components which make up these tissues.
Orientation in Neotropical bats II: Phyllostomidae and Desmodontidae.
Because of the broad dietary spectrum showed by its members (Gardner 1977), the family Phyllostomidae offers a unique opportunity to compare pollen extraction efficiencies among animals with different feeding habits.
New World leaf-nosed bats, family Phyllostomidae, were selected for study because they constitute a taxonomically and ecologically diverse group, with a variety of food preferences and craniodental morphologies represented among included taxa.