Order Spirurida; Family Physalopteridae
Proleptus Carvajali Fernandez & Villalba (1985) Arthropoda: Maxillopoda Order Cyclopoida; Family Chondracanthidae Acanthochondrites sp.
RAILLIET 1893 [LEIPER 1908]
a unidentified species belonging to the Physalopteridae [third stage larvae only]; and two unidentified species of Acanthocephala (Centrorhynchid and Oligacanthorhynchid cystacanths).
6 (1-16) Physalopteridae (third stage larvae) 2 1% 1/150 2 -- Acanthocephala Centrorhynchid cystacanths 31 3% 4/150 7.
Physalopteridae were recovered either from the external intestine walls of the specimen or attached to mesenteries.
Moreover, cysts of the nematodes Physalopteridae, whose adults are parasites of the marsupials, were also recovered from these rodents.
Leiper, 1908 Genus Physaloptera Rudolphi, 1819 Physaloptera sp.
95% (13) Physalopteridae
Nematoda Ascaridida/ Toxocara cf.
Nematodes of the family Physalopteridae
have been encountered parasitizing representatives of almost all vertebrate classes (Goldberg and Bursey, 1989), and 35 lizard species in Brazil belonging to the families Iguanidae, Polychrotidae, Leiosauridae, Liolaemidae, Tropiduridae, Anguidae, Teiidae, Gymnophthalmidae, and Scincidae have been identified as hosts of P.
The cestode, pentastomid, and the two nematodes of the family Physalopteridae
found here are heteroxenous and use invertebrates as intermediate hosts (Anderson, 2000).