Physical Exercise


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Physical Exercise

 

elementary body movements that are performed in series and as part of sports and other athletic activities. Physical exercises are systematized for the purpose of physical development. In physical education, exercises based on the movements of human labor, daily life, and battle, including running, walking, jumping, throwing, lifting, and swimming, have been developed and methodologically organized as gymnastics, track and field, weight lifting, athletic games, and touring. The different combinations and systems of physical exercise, the basic elements of sports, are included in programs of physical education at educational institutions and in state physical-culture programs, such as Ready for Labor and Defense of the USSR.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
'This is a relatively unexplored area of research so, with recent reports that teenagers are spending too much time on social media and not enough time exercising, it would be good to establish whether social media is an effective tool to encourage greater levels of physical exercise, and if so, how best to target that information to different age and interest groups in the future.'
The participants also demonstrated physical exercise on the occasion.
Highlighting significance of lifestyle changes, he emphasized need to perform daily physical exercise for at least 30 minutes, having a healthy diet, losing excessive body weight and avoiding smoking.
The researchers found that heart rate (HR) significantly increased during sleep in the evening exercisers, but not in the morning exercisers: "Since HR is stimulated by the sympathetic nerve activation, the evening exercise may continuously stimulate the sympathetic nervous system several hours after physical exercise." In contrast, morning exercise significantly increased heart variability frequency during sleep, indicating increased cardiac parasympathetic activity.
[11,12] With the above literature background, the present study was designed to assess the effect of physical exercise on physiological, anthropological, and biochemical parameters in Type 2 diabetes mellitus women.
There was an increased VEGF expression in the 60-year-old patient after physical exercise (in 4 samples), while the other 6 samples did not affect VEGF expression.
,,The lack of adherence to daily physical exercise is considered to be one of the main obstacles when promoting a healthy and active lifestyle.
The patients were divided into two groups: one group participated in cognitive training and physical exercise over the course of six months, and the other group participated in only cognitive training.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Physical exercise seems beneficial in the prevention of cognitive impairment and dementia in old age, numerous studies have shown.
The results of this study show the need for social-cognitive physical interventions in order to maximize the benefits of physical exercise among women.
Physical exercise and not just bad habits can be socially contagious, a major new study has found.
REGULAR PHYSICAL EXERCISE significantly improved measures of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), independently of dietary changes, according to a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials.