Physical Training, Military

Physical Training, Military

 

the educational discipline concerned with the development of physical fitness and skills in the armed forces. In the Soviet armed forces, physical training is part of the general system of military education and training and is especially important in combat training. It is intended to promote the health of servicemen and cultivate their physical endurance, strength, agility, bravery, decisiveness, and ability to orient themselves and react quickly. Physical training also increases their ability to perform tasks swiftly and accurately despite fatigue and emotional stress and to use weapons and various techniques as effectively as possible during combat.

Physical training includes daily morning calisthenics (mandatory since 1923) and sessions in gymnastics, running, hurdles, hand-to-hand combat, skiing training, swimming, athletic games, and rowing. It also includes physical exercises that can be performed under conditions of restricted body movement, before working a shift using technical equipment, and while marching to and from combat training.

Physical training is coordinated with applied combat training. In their free time, units also engage in athletic training, sports competitions, and athletic games. The content, forms, and methods of physical training are determined by programs of combat training, physical-training manuals, and special directives. The organizational and methodological supervision of physical training from the regimental level and higher is the responsibility of staff physical-training and sports specialists and corresponding commanders.

References in periodicals archive ?
Around 600 peshmerga from our Christian brothers in the Nineveh plain joined this course, which focused on physical training, military lectures and shooting exercises", said Abu Bakr Ismail, the commander of the training academy.
It is designed to prepare individuals for the Armed Forces, combining physical training, military instruction and academic work to motivate and inspire young people.
The program, which emerged in the late 1980's in some State correctional systems, exposes inmates to a daily regimen of strict discipline, physical training, military drills, and work details.