Physicalism


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Physicalism

 

a neopositivist concept according to which the propositions of the concrete sciences are to be translated into the language of physics, or into “physicalia.” The chief proponents of the concept were O. Neurath and R. Carnap. Physicalism formed the basis of the neopositivist idea of unifying all the sciences through a universal language. All attempts to realize this idea have proved unsuccessful.

References in periodicals archive ?
In this book Nagasawa critiques knowledge arguments against traditional theism and physicalism.
N], and anyone who is familiar with the last sixty years of philosophy of mind should understand the claim that physicalism is in a period of paradigm crisis (Searle, 1992).
Moreover, if this is the hard problem then we can predict that regardless of the strength of the argument for physicalism, and regardless of physicalism's truth, an ineliminable dissatisfaction is bound to accompany any physicalist theory of consciousness.
Physicalism, the assertion that there is no reality beyond the physical or what can be explained by known physical laws, dominates scientific thinking, in the face of all evidence to the contrary, even though this view was not determined by scientific methods.
For example, type physicalism would hold that the type of mental phenomenon called an individual's belief is nothing but neuronal activity at some particular set of x--y--z stereotaxic coordinates in the brain.
In addition to the work of Marxist revisionists like Gramsci, Lukacs, and Sartre, we might see a parallel between Seno'o's Dharmic materialism-which aspires to be both pragmatic and humanist--and the non-reductive physicalism of American pragmatist thinker Richard Rorty.
In this work, he argues against naturalism, physicalism, materialism, and reductionism, using a stirring argument from the reality of human creativity, heroism (seen as virtue), art, and environmental concern.
Making the assumption that the central concern of human subjects protection is confined to the physical/medical or psychological can appear to be an exercise in legalistic physicalism.
By contrast, as a corollary to his anti-representationalist barrage, Hutto has argued that consciousness and experience cannot be incorporated into an object-based schema; they cannot be reified or treated as objects, since they are, quintessentially, activities (see Hutto, Beyond Physicalism 119-131).
If physicalism is adequate here, the descriptive and propositional knowledge should be enough to allow Mary to form the experience before her release.
Of course, in this scenario, it remains the case that either non-reductive physicalism is false and dualism is true, dualism is false and non-reductive physicalism is true, both positions are false, or there is some other way to reconcile the conflicting positions, but in the case we are imagining we find ourselves at an impasse.
The 'Dry land' in Development Discourse: Physicalism as a Strategy

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