Physiological Solution

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Physiological Solution

 

an artificially prepared solution similar to blood plasma in salt composition and osmotic pressure. Physiological solutions are used in physiological experiments with isolated organs and in clinical practice, for example, in the treatment of dehydration and blood loss. The infusion of large quantities of a physiological solution, however, may cause edema of internal organs as a result of the penetration of water and salts into the tissues. In the case of physiological solutions used as blood substitutes, various compounds, for example, high-molecular-weight polysaccharides and specially treated proteins, are added to glucose saline solutions. A number of physiological solutions are named after the scientists who developed them (see Table 1).

REFERENCE

Fiziologiia cheloveka. Edited by E. B. Babskii. Moscow, 1972.

G. N. KASSIL

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, with the intention of providing the same stress as the animals that received GH (GHC and GHT groups), physiological solution (0.9 % sodium chloride) was administered instead of the hormone.
We estimated the quantitative number of [Fe.sub.3][O.sub.4] nanoparticles and iron nanoparticles in the carbon shell after contact with a physiological solution (0.5 M NaCl) for 20 minutes using the solid-phase voltammetry method in accordance with the calibration diagram constructed for the mass fraction of the [Fe.sub.3][O.sub.4] nanoparticle (Figure 3, curve 1) and the mass fraction of iron nanoparticles in the carbon shell (Figure 3, curve 2) in the carbon paste in the range (0.3-15)%.
After a long and careful isolation of the elements of the spermatic cord, physiological solution (500 ml) was injected by the urethral catheter to fill the bladder and, consequently, the pelvic ureter, in order to better define hernia content.
For Clomiphene treatment, animals (n = 8) received an intraperitoneal injection of Clomiphene citrate (Sigma-Aldrich, mixture of cis- and trans-isomers; 2.5 [micro]g/body weight) in reptile physiological solution (NaCl 0.07[per thousand]) every second day for two weeks.
A bacterial suspension was prepared from cultivated bacterial cultures in a physiological solution according to turbidity standard 0.5 McFarland.
At the first series of experiments we recorded the change of the content [Ca.sup.2+] in intact erythrocytes during 30 minutes in physiological solution. It is found that in case of incubation of erythrocytes there will be decreasing of intracellular concentration of ions [Ca.sup.2+].
The use of piezoelectric inserts and the conic-shaped sinus elevator CS1, guarantees a watertight system in a way that the pressure of the physiological solution, contained in a dedicated instrument called Physiolifter, effectively detaches the sinus membrane.
Thus, it was stated that incubation of plasma formed elements in mediums different from physiological solution leads to increasing intensiveness of hemocytes' fluorescence, which is evidence of increase of their energetic metabolism's level.
In this study, DMA was cured into a silicone matrix at 5%, 10% and 15% concentrations (m/m) along with varying concentrations of excipient A (0-20%) or excipient B (0-12%), The silicone sample was placed in a simulated physiological environment and HPLC analysis was conducted daily on the eluent, allowing quantification of drug release into the physiological solution on a daily basis over 14 days.
A group of ten rats was infected with blastospores of Candida albicans in the dosage of 400.000 in 0.5 ml of physiological solution for an animal (determined in the Spenser chamber).
Rakin, "Wear and corrosion behaviour of Ti-13Nb-13Zr and Ti-6Al-4V alloys in simulated physiological solution," Corrosion Science, vol.

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