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(also Bestiary), an ancient collection of stories about nature. Based on works from classical Greece and Rome and from the East, the Physiologus first appeared in the second or third century A.D., probably in Alexandria.

The Old Russian Physiologus, which exists in 15th-century copies, derives from a Bulgarian translation from the Greek made in the 11th or 12th century. The work contains information on beasts and birds, such as the lion and eagle; on mythical beings, such as the phoenix, centaur, and siren; and on rocks and trees. The stories are accompanied by commentary in the spirit of medieval Christian symbolism. Many of the stories were made use of in Old Russian literature, icon painting, and manuscript illumination.


In A. I. Aleksandrov, Fiziolog, Kazan, 1893.


Istoriia russkoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1941. Pages 195–99.
Table 1. Concentrations of components of certain physiological solutions (g/l of distilled water)
Ringer’s solution (for cold-blooded animals) ...............
Locke-Ringer’s solution (for warm-blooded animals) ...............9.00.420.240.151.0
Tyrode’s solution ...............
References in periodicals archive ?
Physiologus. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1979.
In the Physiologus, the weasel conceives through its mouth; there is no reference to its power to resurrect its offspring.
Esta representacion de los ideogramas egipcios, lograda por el Renacimiento, tenia una interpretacion neoplatonica derivada de la recepcion del Physiologus donde las historias de animales estaban revestidas de un ropaje moral de caracter alegorico.
Cristo, el cocodrilo y el enemigo del reptil: desde la Historia animalium de Aristoteles al Physiologus
The unipeds were also known in Iceland; a picture of a uniped is found in a manuscript of the Old Icelandic Physiologus from around 1200.
(4) Do mesmo modo, Ricardo era um intelectual, um clerigo conhecedor do latim e leitor de livros plenos de autoridade, como o Physiologus (5) e as Etimologias de Isidoro de Sevilha.
The strongly marked sex roles of both the unicorn and the girl seem a deliberate choice on the part of Aldhelm, since this has no parallel in the corresponding passage from the Physiologus, one of the possible sources of this enigma: "Non potest ei uenator appropiare, propter quod ualde fortissimum est.
In the Physiologus, an ancient text written in Greek in Alexandria near the end of the second century, the author describes some fifty or so creatures of land, sea, and air, along with their allegorical significance.
This tradition, conveyed by the Physiologus, rests on the idea that the ape is a representation of the devil, a notion that survived even into the post-Reformation era.