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(also Bestiary), an ancient collection of stories about nature. Based on works from classical Greece and Rome and from the East, the Physiologus first appeared in the second or third century A.D., probably in Alexandria.

The Old Russian Physiologus, which exists in 15th-century copies, derives from a Bulgarian translation from the Greek made in the 11th or 12th century. The work contains information on beasts and birds, such as the lion and eagle; on mythical beings, such as the phoenix, centaur, and siren; and on rocks and trees. The stories are accompanied by commentary in the spirit of medieval Christian symbolism. Many of the stories were made use of in Old Russian literature, icon painting, and manuscript illumination.


In A. I. Aleksandrov, Fiziolog, Kazan, 1893.


Istoriia russkoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1941. Pages 195–99.
Table 1. Concentrations of components of certain physiological solutions (g/l of distilled water)
Ringer’s solution (for cold-blooded animals) ...............
Locke-Ringer’s solution (for warm-blooded animals) ...............9.00.420.240.151.0
Tyrode’s solution ...............
References in periodicals archive ?
18) In Physiologus, a popular anonymous work in early Christian natural history, sex-changing was beyond queer: it was "unclean because it has two natures.
Dal Physiologus latino sino a L'Acerba di Cecco d'Ascoli, nel basso Medioevo gli esempi in cui si accenna alla condizione vedovile dell'uccello sono innumerevoli e percorrono le varie produzioni letterarie attraverso i secoli.
This hybrid viper (the Physiologus refers to it as a "woman") bears no resemblance to a natural viper.
I should like to quote the late antique so-called Physiologus.
The unipeds were also known in Iceland; a picture of a uniped is found in a manuscript of the Old Icelandic Physiologus from around 1200.
4) Do mesmo modo, Ricardo era um intelectual, um clerigo conhecedor do latim e leitor de livros plenos de autoridade, como o Physiologus (5) e as Etimologias de Isidoro de Sevilha.
To the Physiologus we owe, for instance, the account of the now horribly disenfranchised unicorn--then a figure of the Incarnation, now a symbol for everything fictitious, illusory, and sentimental--as well as the theological readings of the pelican and the phoenix, both ancient typological figures of Christ.
This tradition, conveyed by the Physiologus, rests on the idea that the ape is a representation of the devil, a notion that survived even into the post-Reformation era.
and to all such as have transported themselves into New-colonies for the sake of a quiet life," in Philotheos Physiologus, The Country-man's Companion, or, A New Method of Ordering Horses and Sheep (London: Andrew Sowle, n.
Although scholars suspect unicorn legends were known throughout the West at least four centuries before the birth of Christ, it was the anonymous scribe-compilers of Physiologus who "infused these venerable pagan tales with the spirit of Christian moral and mystical teaching" (ix).
In his study of the representation of the pelican in the Physiologus tradition, Christoph Gerhardt demonstrates that the interpretation in word and image of this Christian symbol was constantly subject to change, and yet nevertheless -- or perhaps precisely for this reason -- never lost its power.