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(also Bestiary), an ancient collection of stories about nature. Based on works from classical Greece and Rome and from the East, the Physiologus first appeared in the second or third century A.D., probably in Alexandria.

The Old Russian Physiologus, which exists in 15th-century copies, derives from a Bulgarian translation from the Greek made in the 11th or 12th century. The work contains information on beasts and birds, such as the lion and eagle; on mythical beings, such as the phoenix, centaur, and siren; and on rocks and trees. The stories are accompanied by commentary in the spirit of medieval Christian symbolism. Many of the stories were made use of in Old Russian literature, icon painting, and manuscript illumination.


In A. I. Aleksandrov, Fiziolog, Kazan, 1893.


Istoriia russkoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1941. Pages 195–99.
Table 1. Concentrations of components of certain physiological solutions (g/l of distilled water)
Ringer’s solution (for cold-blooded animals) ...............
Locke-Ringer’s solution (for warm-blooded animals) ...............9.00.420.240.151.0
Tyrode’s solution ...............
References in periodicals archive ?
Physiologus (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1979), 52-53.
Physiologus (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979), 50.
La obra, llamada Physiologus, fue escrita por un autor anonimo, probablemente en Alejandria hacia la mitad del siglo dos, y circulo en un gran numero de versiones en varios idiomas, incluyendo el ingles.
Asdi's Egilsdottir uncovers medieval Icelandic compositional techniques; Dora Faraci traces the artistic and literary history of the Cyclops in the Icelandic Physiologus.
4) Do mesmo modo, Ricardo era um intelectual, um clerigo conhecedor do latim e leitor de livros plenos de autoridade, como o Physiologus (5) e as Etimologias de Isidoro de Sevilha.
In the Physiologus passage, the account of the seduction of the unicorn is also significantly different from that offered by Aldhelm's riddle, since the girl's behavior (though not fully devoid of sexual interpretation) centers on her maternal care of the animal and her leading him to the mysterious "palatium regum.
To the Physiologus we owe, for instance, the account of the now horribly disenfranchised unicorn--then a figure of the Incarnation, now a symbol for everything fictitious, illusory, and sentimental--as well as the theological readings of the pelican and the phoenix, both ancient typological figures of Christ.
This tradition, conveyed by the Physiologus, rests on the idea that the ape is a representation of the devil, a notion that survived even into the post-Reformation era.
and to all such as have transported themselves into New-colonies for the sake of a quiet life," in Philotheos Physiologus, The Country-man's Companion, or, A New Method of Ordering Horses and Sheep (London: Andrew Sowle, n.
Las enciclopedias medievales amontonaban "noticias sobre animales, hierbas, piedras, paises exoticos, sin distinguir entre noticias verificables y noticias legendarias" [20], el mayor ejemplo de bestiario medieval es el Physiologus, compuesto en griego en ambito sirio o egipcio entre los siglos II y IV d.