Digestibility coefficient values of DM, OM, nitrogen, crude fat, AME, retention of ash, CF, Ca, P and phytate
of the two varieties of grains affect by the addition of the enzymes are shown in Table I.
In the feces of these animals, excess amounts of undigested phytate
and inorganic phosphate are discharged which may contribute to the eutrophication of water by decreasing oxygen concentration and increasing algal growth in the areas of widespread livestock farming (Cho et al., 2006).
The aim of the experiment reported here was to investigate the effects of dietary1[alpha]-OH-[D.sub.3], individually or in combination of microbial phytase on phytate
P utilization in Ca-P deficient diet of growing Japanese quails.
In addition, when intestinal pH decreases, solubility of phytate
and P increases which result in increased P absorption in small intestine (Cross et al., 1990).
Concentration of Ca in corn concurs with previous data [11,13], but the concentration of total P and phytate
were greater in corn compared with data reported previously [4,19].
The anti-nutritional components (phytate
and tannin) of Raw, Cooked and Toasted seeds of African Breadfruit are shown in Table 2.
The same method was used to compare mean phytate
content for select samples.
(myo-inositol phosphate) was detected in only sample JN-07 (6.7% of total NaOH-EDTA extractable P) (Table 4, Figure 1).
([C.sub.6][H.sub.18][O.sub.24][P.sub.6]), also known as phytic acid (myoinositol 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexakisphosphate; PA; [IP.sub.6]), has a molecular weight of 660 g mol-1 (Figure 1) and is considered the main source of stored phosphorus in seeds, grains, and vegetables.
The present study reports isolation, production and molecular identification of efficient phytate
degrading bacteria, Pseudomonas sp.
The second section outlines ways to optimize poultry nutrition to ensure quality and sustainability in meat production, including feed efficiency, feed intake regulation, advances in feeding, and the use of feedstuffs and ingredients like amino acids, enzymes, the role of phytate
in phosphorous and calcium nutrition, probiotics, prebiotics, and other feed additives, as well as using models to optimize nutrition, developments in feed automation technology, alternative sources of protein for poultry nutrition, thermal adaptation and tolerance of poultry, and safety and contaminants.
Barley and other cereal grains and legumes contain a form of phosphorus called "phytate
." Phosphorus is an essential nutrient, but phytate
cannot be digested by humans and nonruminant animals, such as pigs and chickens.