Phytolacca


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Phytolacca: Phytolacca americana

Phytolacca

 

a genus of plants of the family Phytolaccaceae. They are perennial herbs or, rarely, shrubs and arboreal forms. The leaves are alternate and entire. The flowers, which are small and generally unisexual, are gathered in racemose inflorescences. The perianth is simple and usually five-parted. The fruit is a juicy berry. There are approximately 35 species, distributed in tropical and subtropical regions, primarily in America. One species, pokeweed (Phytolacca americana), has been imported to the USSR; it grows in the Caucasus near dwellings and along roads. Its roots and shoots are extremely poisonous. The young green shoots are used like asparagus. Pokeweed is cultivated in winegrowing regions of Europe and Asia for its berries, which yield a dye for wine. The roots, leaves, and berries of P. acinosa, which grows in the Himalayas, China, and Japan, are used as food.

References in periodicals archive ?
canadense (this study), 33 m for the bird-dispersed seeds of Phytolacca americana (Hoppes 1988), and 17 m for the ant-dispersed seeds of Sanguinaria canadensis (Pudlo et al.
Three hundred cells were treated with PWM lectin from Phytolacca americana (Sigma) at 100 g/mL for 1 h at 20 [degrees] C as previously described (Costas and Lopez-Rodas 1994).
Mollinedia clavigera, Myrsine laetevirens, Plinia trunciflora, Guapira hirsuta, Guapira opposita, Phytolacca dioica, Zanthoxylum rugosum, Guazuma ulmifolia e Aloysia virgata foram amostradas com apenas um individuo, representando 17,2% do total de especies identificadas, e podem ser uma referencia para a avaliacao da riqueza de especies do fragmento e justificar a necessidade de implementacao de medidas para a sua conservacao.
Las especies que colonizaron en mayor porcentaje de cobertura el parche en secamiento ubicado en la Vereda el Verjon, en el estrato arboreo fueron Verbesina crassiramea y en el estrato herbaceo Phytolacca bogotensis (Figura 5).
un estrato herbaceo dominado principalmente por pasto kikuyo Cenchrus clandestinus y/o ramas en descomposicion, asi como un area del sector sur occidental dominado por Phytolacca sp.
1 a 1 m de alto destacan: Drymaria villosa, Sporobolus indicus, Bromus carinatus, Phytolacca icosandra, Bidens odorata, Senecio stoechadiformis, Halenia brevicornis, Valeriana robertianifolia, V.
Anderson Cancer Center (Houston) conducted this laboratory study using Carcinosin, Phytolacca, Conium, and Thuja.
Four of these (Celtis, Passiflora, Phytolacca amercana, and Platanus occidentalis) have not been previously identified as consumed by Terrapene.