Piérola, Nicolás de

Piérola, Nicolás de

(nēkōläs` dā pyā`rōlä), 1839–1913, president of Peru (1879–81, 1895–99). Minister of finance under José Balta, he was accused of misappropriating funds and was exiled. From Chile he invaded Peru and unsuccessfully attempted to stir up revolution. Later he was allowed to return (1879) to take part in the war against Chile (see Pacific, War of thePacific, War of the,
1879–84, war between Chile and the allied nations, Peru and Bolivia; also called the Chile–Peruvian War. The trouble began when President Hilarión Daza of Bolivia rescinded (Feb.
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). When Mariano I. Prado abandoned Peru, Piérola took over the government, but continued failure in the war caused his own flight. He did not succeed in another attempt to seize the government in 1885. After ousting Andrés A. CáceresCáceres, Andrés Avelino
, 1836?–1923, president of Peru (1886–90, 1894). He was a commander in the war with Chile (see Pacific, War of the) and continued to wage guerrilla warfare long after Peru had been conquered.
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 in 1894, he became president again and set about the reconstruction of devastated Peru by initiating fiscal, military, religious, and civil reforms.
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