Pi Sheng

Pi Sheng

 

Chinese artisan who initiated book printing with movable letters.

Pi Sheng’s invention dates from 1041–48. Printing elements (hieroglyphs) of baked clay were fixed in iron typesetting forms by means of a resinous mixture that hardened upon cooling. The text was printed on paper after the letters were covered with india ink.

REFERENCE

Flug, K. K. Istoriia kitaiskoi pechatnoi knigi Sunskoi epokhi X-XIII vv. Moscow-Leningrad, 1959.
References in periodicals archive ?
El alquimista chino Pi Sheng invento el tipo movil de madera alrededor del ano 1045 d.
In the eleventh century, Avicenna of Persia asserted that outward qualities of metals were of little use in classification (he stressed internal structure--well before Mendeleyev's periodic table of elements) and in 1041, Pi Sheng invented movable type.