Pi Sheng

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pi Sheng


Chinese artisan who initiated book printing with movable letters.

Pi Sheng’s invention dates from 1041–48. Printing elements (hieroglyphs) of baked clay were fixed in iron typesetting forms by means of a resinous mixture that hardened upon cooling. The text was printed on paper after the letters were covered with india ink.


Flug, K. K. Istoriia kitaiskoi pechatnoi knigi Sunskoi epokhi X-XIII vv. Moscow-Leningrad, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the eleventh century, Avicenna of Persia asserted that outward qualities of metals were of little use in classification (he stressed internal structure--well before Mendeleyev's periodic table of elements) and in 1041, Pi Sheng invented movable type.