Picabia, Francis

Picabia, Francis

(fräNsēs` pĕkä`bēä), 1878–1953, French painter, b. Paris. After working in an impressionist style, Picabia was influenced by cubismcubism,
art movement, primarily in painting, originating in Paris c.1907. Cubist Theory

Cubism began as an intellectual revolt against the artistic expression of previous eras.
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 and later was one of the original exponents of DadaDada
or Dadaism
, international nihilistic movement among European artists and writers that lasted from 1916 to 1922. Born of the widespread disillusionment engendered by World War I, it originated in Zürich with a 1916 party at the Cabaret Voltaire and the
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 in Europe and the United States. He contributed to avant-garde periodicals and became associated with the Paris surrealists. Picabia, possessed of an intensely individual temperament, influenced numerous artists of different schools without ever confining himself to one mode of artistic expression. His work is in many museum collections; Physical Culture (1913) is in Philadelphia Museum of Art. Although primarily a painter, Picabia was also a poet, graphic and set designer, printmaker, filmmaker, editor and publisher, and impresario for various events, exhibitions, and performances.


See museum catalog ed. by A. Umland and C. Hug (2016).

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